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Causal Cortical Network for Arithmetic Problem-Solving Represents Brain's Planning Rather than Reasoning
Zhishan Hu; Keng-Fong Lam; Yu-Tao Xiang; Zhen Yuan
2019
Source PublicationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
ISSN1449-2288
Volume15Issue:6Pages:1148-1160
Abstract

Arithmetic problem-solving whose components mainly involve the calculation, planning and reasoning, is an important mathematical skill. To date, the neural mechanism underlying arithmetic problem-solving remains unclear. In this study, a scheme that combined a novel 24 points game paradigm, conditional Granger causality analysis, and near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) neuroimaging technique was developed to examine the differences in brain activation and effective connectivity between the calculation, planning, and reasoning. We discovered that the performance of planning was correlated with the activation in frontal cortex, whereas the performance of reasoning showed the relationship with the activation in parietal cortex. In addition, we also discovered that the directional effective connectivity between the anterior frontal and posterior parietal cortex was more closely related to planning rather than reasoning. It is expected that this work will pave a new avenue for an improved understanding of the neural underpinnings underlying arithmetic problem-solving, which also provides a novel indicator to evaluate the efficacy of mathematical education.

KeywordArithmetic Problem-solving Reasoning Granger Causality Fnirs Brain Networks Planning
DOI10.7150/ijbs.33400
Indexed BySCIE
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
WOS SubjectBiochemistry & Molecular Biology ; Biology
WOS IDWOS:000471070800004
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Cited Times [WOS]:1   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
INSTITUTE OF COLLABORATIVE INNOVATION
Corresponding AuthorZhen Yuan
AffiliationFaculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Health Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Health Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhishan Hu,Keng-Fong Lam,Yu-Tao Xiang,et al. Causal Cortical Network for Arithmetic Problem-Solving Represents Brain's Planning Rather than Reasoning[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,2019,15(6):1148-1160.
APA Zhishan Hu,Keng-Fong Lam,Yu-Tao Xiang,&Zhen Yuan.(2019).Causal Cortical Network for Arithmetic Problem-Solving Represents Brain's Planning Rather than Reasoning.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES,15(6),1148-1160.
MLA Zhishan Hu,et al."Causal Cortical Network for Arithmetic Problem-Solving Represents Brain's Planning Rather than Reasoning".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 15.6(2019):1148-1160.
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