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Mapping of the brain activation associated with deception using fused EEG and fNIRS
Zhen Yuan; Xiaohong Lin
2019
Conference NameConference on Neural Imaging and Sensing
Source PublicationNEURAL IMAGING AND SENSING 2019
Volume10865
Conference DateFEB 04-05, 2019
Conference PlaceSan Francisco, CA
Abstract

In this study, concurrent electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) recordings were performed based on a modified concealed information test (CIT) task to examine the relationship between the hemodynamic signal of the frontal cortex and event-related potential (ERP) component of P300 for high-sensitivity deception detection. In particular, both the fNIRS data and ERP component of P300 were carefully inspected for participants from both the guilty group and innocent groups. During the performance of CIT task, a series of names were presented, which served as the target, irrelevant, or the probe stimuli for the two groups. The guilty participant who assumed himself (herself) as a spy was instructed to deny the recognition of probe (his (her) own name). Interestingly, we discovered that for the guilty group, the probe stimuli elicited significantly larger P300 at parietal site and also evoked significantly higher HbO concentration changes in bilateral superior frontal gyrus and bilateral middle frontal gyrus than the irrelevants stimuli. However, this is not the case for the innocent group, in which participants didn't exhibit significant difference in both ERP and fNIRS recordings between the probe and irrelevants stimuli cases. More importantly, our findings also indicated that the combined ERP and fNIRS signals can distinguish well between the guilty and innocent groups, in which AUC (the area under Receiver Operating Characteristic curve) is 0.91 for deception detection based on the combined indicator, much higher than that based on ERP components P300 (0.85) or fNIRS signals (0.84).

KeywordConcealed Information Test P300 Deception Detection Functional Near-infrared Spectroscopy
DOI10.1117/12.2508257
Indexed ByCPCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Neurosciences & Neurology ; Optics
WOS SubjectEngineering, Biomedical ; Neuroimaging ; Optics
WOS IDWOS:000468077700005
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Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeConference paper
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
INSTITUTE OF COLLABORATIVE INNOVATION
AffiliationUniv Macau, Fac Hlth Sci, Taipa, Macao, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhen Yuan,Xiaohong Lin. Mapping of the brain activation associated with deception using fused EEG and fNIRS[C],2019.
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