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Affective and enjoyment responses to sprint interval training in healthy individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Hu, M.1; Jung, M. E.2; Nie, J.3; Kong, Z.1
Source PublicationFrontiers in Psychology
ABS Journal Level1

Sprint interval training (SIT) is characterized by an intensity of “all-out” effort and superior time-efficiency compared to traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and has been proposed as one viable solution to address the commonly reported barrier of lack of time for physical activity. While substantial physiological benefits of participation in SIT have been well-documented, the psychological responses to SIT are less clear. No systematic review has been conducted thus far to respond to the assumption that its supramaximal intensity will induce adverse feelings. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to synthesize studies analyzing affective and enjoyment responses to SIT and to compare the responses to SIT with MICT and other high-intensity interval training (HIIT) protocols with lower intensities. After searching relevant databases up until 22nd March 2021, twenty-five studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the present review. A random-effect meta-analysis using the pooled data demonstrated that SIT induced similar post-exercise affective valences during the training compared to MICT and HIIT, but lower affective valences immediately post-exercise compared to MICT. Moreover, affective responses during SIT decreased to negative valences according to the results from most included studies, while low-volume SIT protocols with shorter sprint duration and repetitions induced more positive affective responses. The level of enjoyment after SIT was positive and was comparable to MICT or HIIT. Overall, the results from the existing literature indicate that SIT might cause unpleasant feelings during the training and be perceived less pleasurable than MICT immediately post-training but could be a comparably enjoyable modality for healthy individuals in relation to MICT or HIIT, despite its supramaximal intensity. Low-volume SIT may be a realistic option for individuals seeking a time-efficient workout with comparable affective responses to MICT or HIIT.

KeywordAll-out High-intensity Interval Training (Hiit) Psychological Responses Affect (Emotion) Enjoyment Perception Exercise Adherence
Subject Area体育科学 ; 运动心理学
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Funding ProjectThe Responses Hypoxic Exposure Simulated at 5000 m and High Intensity Interval Exercise on Metabolism
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
PUB ID35356357
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Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorKong, Z.
Affiliation1.Faculty of Education, University of Macau, Macao, China
2.School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, BC, Canada
3.School of Health Sciences and Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hu, M.,Jung, M. E.,Nie, J.,et al. Affective and enjoyment responses to sprint interval training in healthy individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis[J]. Frontiers in Psychology,2022,13(820228).
APA Hu, M.,Jung, M. E.,Nie, J.,&Kong, Z..(2022).Affective and enjoyment responses to sprint interval training in healthy individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis.Frontiers in Psychology,13(820228).
MLA Hu, M.,et al."Affective and enjoyment responses to sprint interval training in healthy individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis".Frontiers in Psychology 13.820228(2022).
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