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Childhood Emotional Maltreatment and Adulthood Romantic Relationship Well-Being: A Multilevel, Meta-Analytic Review
Cao, Hongjian1; Ma, Rongzi2; Li, Xiaomin3; Liang, Yue4; Wu, Qinglu5; Chi, Peilian5; Li, Jian Bin6; Zhou, Nan7
2022-07-01
Source PublicationTrauma, Violence, and Abuse
ISSN1524-8380
Volume23Issue:3Pages:778-794
Abstract

During the past decade, research on the link between childhood emotional maltreatment and adulthood romantic relationship well-being has been accumulating, but there still lacks a systematic, quantitative evaluation of existing research. This three-level, meta-analysis aimed to fill this gap. Reports were included if they examined the link between early emotional maltreatment and adulthood romantic relationship well-being, presented statistics needed to calculate at least one bivariate effect size, written in English, and published/written before January 1, 2020. We retrieved 201 effect sizes from 23 reports. Early emotional maltreatment (aggregated across forms) was negatively (yet modestly) associated with later romantic relationship well-being (aggregated across dimensions; r = −.143, 95% confidence interval [−.173, −.114], p <.001). This association did not vary as a function of maltreatment form but differed across relationship well-being dimensions, such that the effect was stronger for the negative than for the positive relationship outcomes. We also found that (a) the actor effect was larger than the partner effect, (b) the effect was stronger in studies using Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) than in studies not using CTQ, (c) whether using established measures of relationship well-being did not alter the effect, (d) the absolute magnitude of effect was negatively associated with methodological rigor of effect, and (e) the effect did not vary as functions of publication type, whether the sample was a college student sample, or union status, and was not related to the mean of union duration. Last, the limitations of existing research, avenues for future inquiries, and implications for practice were noted.

KeywordChildhood Emotional Maltreatment Emotional Abuse Emotional Neglect Meta-analysis Romantic Relationship Well-being
DOI10.1177/1524838020975895
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaCriminology & Penology ; Family Studies ; Social Work
WOS SubjectCriminology & Penology ; Family Studies ; Social Work
WOS IDWOS:000599198600001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85097047003
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Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorZhou, Nan
Affiliation1.Institute of Early Childhood Education, Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, China
2.Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, China
3.Department of Family Studies and Human Development, The University of Arizona, Tucson, United States
4.School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, China
5.Department of Psychology, University of Macau, China
6.Department of Early Childhood Education, The Education University of Hong Kong, China
7.Department of Educational Psychology and School Counseling, Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cao, Hongjian,Ma, Rongzi,Li, Xiaomin,et al. Childhood Emotional Maltreatment and Adulthood Romantic Relationship Well-Being: A Multilevel, Meta-Analytic Review[J]. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse,2022,23(3):778-794.
APA Cao, Hongjian,Ma, Rongzi,Li, Xiaomin,Liang, Yue,Wu, Qinglu,Chi, Peilian,Li, Jian Bin,&Zhou, Nan.(2022).Childhood Emotional Maltreatment and Adulthood Romantic Relationship Well-Being: A Multilevel, Meta-Analytic Review.Trauma, Violence, and Abuse,23(3),778-794.
MLA Cao, Hongjian,et al."Childhood Emotional Maltreatment and Adulthood Romantic Relationship Well-Being: A Multilevel, Meta-Analytic Review".Trauma, Violence, and Abuse 23.3(2022):778-794.
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