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Liaoqiao aqueous extract inhibits B16 melanoma growth involving MAPKs/Nrf2/HO-1 mediated anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation
Bao, J.L.; Ding, R. B.; Zou, L. D.; Zhang, C.; Wang, K.; Liu, F.; Li, P.; Chen, M. W.; Wan, J. B.; Su, H. X.; Wang, Y. T.; He, C. W.
PublisherChinese Pharmacological Bulletin
Publication PlaceBeijing

Objective Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl, Lianqiao in Chinese, is one of the most fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with heat-clearing and detoxicating properties. In this study, we aimed to study the antitumor activity of Lianqiao aqueous extract against melanoma using cancer cell line-based in vitro and mouse allograft tumor in vivo models. Furthermore, we also investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms, particularly the involvement of anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation properties in its antitumor activity. Materials and Methods The proliferation of cancer cells was measured by MTT assay. The transplanted B16-F10 melanoma in C57BL/6 mice were established and used for the evaluation of in vivo antitumor effect of LQ. Tumor growth was monitored twice a week. Ki67 and CD31 were used to detect cancer cell proliferation and angiogenesis in tumor, respectively. The anti-oxidative property of LQ was determined by measuring the levels of ROS, MDA and GSH. The anti-inflammatory effect of LQ was evaluated by measuring TNF-α and IL-6 using ELISA kits. Other protein expression was determined by Western Blot. Results LQ strongly inhibited the growth of B16-F10 cells in vitro and the tumor growth in vivo. The survival time of tumor-bearing mice was significantly prolonged by LQ. LQ inhibited cancer cell proliferation and angiogenesis in tumor as evidenced by decreased expressions of Ki67 andCD31. Levels of ROS, MDA TNF-α and IL-6 decreased, while GSH increased in LQ treatment group, indicating a strong anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activity of LQ. The expression of antioxidant proteins Nrf-2 and HO-1, tumor suppressors P53 and p-PTEN, and the MAPK pathways in tumor tissues were upregulated by LQ treatment. Conclusions LQ exhibited strong antitumor activity against B16-F10 murine melanoma both in vitro and in vivo. The antitumor effect of LQ involved the decreased oxidative stress and inflammation in tumor, which is closely related to the heat-clearing and detoxicating properties of LQ.

KeywordForsythia Suspensa Antitumor Anti-inflammation Anti-oxidation B16 Melanoma Mapks/nrf2/ho-1 Pathway
Conference PlaceBeijing
Conference Date2-4/11/2015
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Document TypeConference proceedings
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Corresponding AuthorZou, L. D.; He, C. W.
AffiliationUniversity of Macau
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bao, J.L.,Ding, R. B.,Zou, L. D.,et al. Liaoqiao aqueous extract inhibits B16 melanoma growth involving MAPKs/Nrf2/HO-1 mediated anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation[C].Beijing:Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin,2015.
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