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Expert vs. Influencer: Philosophy Presented under Conditions of Second-Order Observation
Moeller, Hans-Georg; O/Neill, Rory; Chiang, Hio Fai
2021-10-26
Source PublicationHuman Affairs
ISSN1337-401X
Volume31Issue:4Pages:470-478
Abstract

Philosophy is presented in a wide range of forms, none of which can be convincingly claimed to be the “genuine” one. Historically speaking, there is not one “proper” way of doing philosophy, evidencing what may be called the social contingency of philosophy. This paper aims to provide a “critical” philosophy of today, in the Kantian sense of a philosophy that reflects on the conditions of its possibility, and thereby acknowledges the limitations they impose. Conceptually, our approach is grounded in Niklas Luhmann’s social systems theory, in which “functional differentiation” and “second-order observation” are two crucial characteristics of modern society. The paper discusses how presentations of philosophy align themselves with the second-order observation mechanisms of the specific social systems in which they are “hosted.” This paper deals in particular with two such systems: academics and social (or mass) media. These forms of presenting philosophy produce two different kinds of philosophy presenters: the expert and the influencer.

KeywordAcademic System, Peer Review, Social Media, Youtube, Second-order Observation, Niklas Luhmann
URLView the original
Indexed ByESCI
Language英語English
Funding ProjectFrom Authentic Self to Profile: Identity in the Digital Age
PublisherDe Gruyter
Fulltext Access
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES
Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Affiliation1.University of Macau
2.East China Normal University
3.University of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Moeller, Hans-Georg,O/Neill, Rory,Chiang, Hio Fai. Expert vs. Influencer: Philosophy Presented under Conditions of Second-Order Observation[J]. Human Affairs,2021,31(4):470-478.
APA Moeller, Hans-Georg,O/Neill, Rory,&Chiang, Hio Fai.(2021).Expert vs. Influencer: Philosophy Presented under Conditions of Second-Order Observation.Human Affairs,31(4),470-478.
MLA Moeller, Hans-Georg,et al."Expert vs. Influencer: Philosophy Presented under Conditions of Second-Order Observation".Human Affairs 31.4(2021):470-478.
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