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Impact of self-efficacy on food and dietary choices during the first COVDI-19 lockdown in China
Jiao, W.1; Liu, M. T. C.2; Schulz, P. J.3,4; Chang, Angela1,3
2022-07
Source PublicationFoods
Volume11Pages:13
Abstract

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a global public health emergency, increasing the prevalence of emotional distress, and potentially leading to altered diet behavior. Self-efficacy measures various aspects of perceiving and understanding emotions. The present study was carried out with the objective of understanding the effect of emotional self-efficacy on dietary behavior and quality. It also shed light on which elements contributed to the link between food-related behavior and perceived dietary quality during the first lockdown of the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on factor analysis of nineteen food groups, choices, consumption, and socioeconomic status were examined in a sample of 441 Chinese participants. Multiple linear regression examined the association between food consumption, dietary quality, and self-efficacy. Contrary to prior research, the intake of salty snacks and alcoholic beverages reduced by 3.3% and 2.8%, respectively, during the first lockdown. Emotional self-efficacy negatively mediated the relationship between socioeconomic status and dietary quality. In conclusion, emotional self-efficacy is a well-established tool for evaluating how Chinese people cope with negative emotions. As an individual’s dietary quality was affected during the imposed lockdown, the present study offers valuable insight into psychosocial factors that may contribute to health disparities by advocating for organized nutritional support in future epidemic-related quarantines.

Keywords: self-efficacy; dietary behavior; food consumption; socioeconomic status; mediating effects

KeywordSelf-efficacy Dietary Behavior Food Consumption Socioeconomic Status Mediating Effects
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
Funding ProjectThe Complex Food Nutrition - Body Weight Message Communication in Social Media –An Exploratory Investigation in Developing Adaptive Machine Coding ; Health and Communication: Understanding Media Coverage and Content to Improve Diseases Treatment and Prevention
PublisherMDPI
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Business Administration
Faculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding AuthorJiao, W.; Chang, Angela
Affiliation1.Department of Communication, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, China
2.Department of Management and Marketing, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau, Macao, China;
3.Institute of Communication and Health, Lugano University, Lugano 6900, Switzerland
4.Ewha Womans University Seoul, South Korea
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jiao, W.,Liu, M. T. C.,Schulz, P. J.,et al. Impact of self-efficacy on food and dietary choices during the first COVDI-19 lockdown in China[J]. Foods,2022,11:13.
APA Jiao, W.,Liu, M. T. C.,Schulz, P. J.,&Chang, Angela.(2022).Impact of self-efficacy on food and dietary choices during the first COVDI-19 lockdown in China.Foods,11,13.
MLA Jiao, W.,et al."Impact of self-efficacy on food and dietary choices during the first COVDI-19 lockdown in China".Foods 11(2022):13.
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