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Testing links between unfavorable living conditions, fast life‑history strategy adoption, and overeating: a four‑wave longitudinal study
Yi‑Jun Luo; Todd Jackson; Lei Chang; Hong Chen
2022-01
Source PublicationEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Abstract

Although overeating increases risk for chronic illness and premature mortality, evolutionary life-history theorists posit that such behaviors arise as a potential outcome of using fast life-history strategies to function in environments that are harsh or unpredictable. To test this premise, we examined links between harsh, unpredictable living conditions (HULC), the adoption of fast life-history (LH) strategies, and overeating among early adolescents using a four-wave longitudinal design. Participants were 2547 Chinese adolescents (1202 girls, 1345 boys) who completed baseline questionnaires assessing experiences of
HULC, preferences for use of fast LH strategies, and overeating. Measures were re-administered in follow-ups 7, 13, and 20 months later. Analyses indicated HULC predicted increased use of fast LH strategies within each gender. However, fast LH strategy adoption contributed to increases in overeating only among girls. Findings supported specifc tenets of life-history theory and underscored gender as an important consideration in understanding links between living conditions, the adoption of fast LH strategies, and risk for overeating. Interventions focused on reducing poverty and increasing stable, nurturing family, and community environments may aid in reducing overeating and obesity for adolescents.

KeywordOvereating Life-history Strategies Environmental Unpredictability Adolescents Gender Diference
DOI10.1007/s00787-021-01910-7
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding AuthorHong Chen
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China
2.Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Macau, China
3.Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Macau, China
4.Department of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yi‑Jun Luo,Todd Jackson,Lei Chang,et al. Testing links between unfavorable living conditions, fast life‑history strategy adoption, and overeating: a four‑wave longitudinal study[J]. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,2022.
APA Yi‑Jun Luo,Todd Jackson,Lei Chang,&Hong Chen.(2022).Testing links between unfavorable living conditions, fast life‑history strategy adoption, and overeating: a four‑wave longitudinal study.European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.
MLA Yi‑Jun Luo,et al."Testing links between unfavorable living conditions, fast life‑history strategy adoption, and overeating: a four‑wave longitudinal study".European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (2022).
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