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后物质主义五十年: 理论变迁及经验趋势
Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉
Source Publication社会学评论

Since the postmaterialism theory was firstly proposed in the early 1970s, this line of research has acquired tremendous impacts in the past five decades in the fields of political culture and public opinion. Meanwhile, the postmaterialism theory has been facing challenges in its assumptions, theoretical framework, and empirical applications. It is criticized for its eurocentrism and American centrism, linear view of history, and lack of dynamic and multi-level research scope. In response to the critiques, Inglehart and associates have been enhancing their theory to provide more accurate explanations for values changes in recent years. This paper reviews the postmaterialism theory and relevant debates, specifically the latest developments since the 21st century. This paper proposes critiques and suggestions for improving the theory and relevant research. Based on empirical analysis of the World Values Survey data (1981- 2020), this paper finds that postmaterialist values are showing an ebbed trend. Based on that, this paper assesses the theoretical problems in the postmaterialism theory and examines the new empirical trends of values transitions.


Other Abstract

后物质主义理论诞生以来凡五十年,在政治文化及公众意见研究领域产生了广泛影响。与此同时,该理论的前提预设、内在逻辑及 经验应用也面临诸如欧美中心主义视角、线性历史观、忽略价值多层次动态变迁等批评。后物质主义理论支持者亦不断修订理论,并试图为近年来的价值观变迁图景提供更准确的解释。本文对后物质主义理论源流进行回顾和梳理,特别是对该理论进入 21 世纪以来的发展和争鸣进行评述,亦提出了对后物质主义理论的批评和建议。本文还基于对世界价值观调查数据(1981—2020)的分析,指出许多社会出现了后物质主义价值退潮现象,并基于此,对该理论在经验世界面临的新问题以及价值观变迁的新趋势作了阐述和总结。

Keyword后物质主义理论 公众意见 价值观变迁 政治文化 现代化理论
URLView the original
Indexed By核心期刊
Funding ProjectInstitutional Trust in East and Southeast Asian Societies
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
AffiliationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉. 后物质主义五十年: 理论变迁及经验趋势[J]. 社会学评论,2022,10(5):163-183.
APA Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉.(2022).后物质主义五十年: 理论变迁及经验趋势.社会学评论,10(5),163-183.
MLA Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉."后物质主义五十年: 理论变迁及经验趋势".社会学评论 10.5(2022):163-183.
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