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Racial Diversity, Majority-Minority Gap and Confidence in Criminal Justice Systems
Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉
2022-09
Source PublicationCanadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice
ISSN1707-7753
Volume64Issue:3Pages:26-48
Abstract

Racial status, that is, majority/minority identity, affects an individual’s confidence in the criminal justice system, and this effect could vary across social contexts. We analyzed people’s confidence in the criminal justice system comparatively in 88 societies using the World Values Survey (1981–2020). Results from the hierarchical linear models showed the following patterns: (1) Racial majority members display higher confidence in the criminal justice system than minority members; (2) the majority advantage in confidence is greater when racial diversity increases; (3) the majority advantage is most salient in societies with Black or Arabic majorities. The results suggest that majority members’ higher trust in order institutions is associated with perceived advantages and social comparison with minority members. Our findings reveal the profound interactive effects of racial status and context on confidence in the criminal justice system, shed light on racial diversity, and contribute new knowledge to public opinion studies.

Other Abstract

Racial status, that is, majority/minority identity, affects an individual’s confidence in the criminal justice system, and this effect could vary across social contexts. We analyzed people’s confidence in the criminal justice system comparatively in 88 societies using the World Values Survey (1981–2020). Results from the hierarchical linear models showed the following patterns: (1) Racial majority members display higher confidence in the criminal justice system than minority members; (2) the majority advantage in confidence is greater when racial diversity increases; (3) the majority advantage is most salient in societies with Black or Arabic majorities. The results suggest that majority members’ higher trust in order institutions is associated with perceived advantages and social comparison with minority members. Our findings reveal the profound interactive effects of racial status and context on confidence in the criminal justice system, shed light on racial diversity, and contribute new knowledge to public opinion studies.

KeywordRacial Diversity Racial Status Majority–minority Gap Confidence In crimInal Justice System Hierarchical Linear Models
DOI10.3138/cjccj.2021-0049
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
Funding ProjectInstitutional Trust in East and Southeast Asian Societies
PublisherUNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PRESS
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Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
AffiliationUniversity of Macau
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GB/T 7714
Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉. Racial Diversity, Majority-Minority Gap and Confidence in Criminal Justice Systems[J]. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice,2022,64(3):26-48.
APA Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉.(2022).Racial Diversity, Majority-Minority Gap and Confidence in Criminal Justice Systems.Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice,64(3),26-48.
MLA Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉."Racial Diversity, Majority-Minority Gap and Confidence in Criminal Justice Systems".Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 64.3(2022):26-48.
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