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Job load, job stress, and job exhaustion among Chinese junior middle school teachers: Job satisfaction as a mediator and teacher’s role as a moderator
Zang, Ning1; Cao, Hongjian2,3,4; Zhou, Nan4; Jiang, Lianjiang5; Li, Beilei1
2022-10-01
Source PublicationSocial Psychology of Education
ISSN1381-2890
Volume25Issue:5Pages:1003-1030
Abstract

Job exhaustion is not uncommon among Chinese middle school teachers, but the key antecedents of job exhaustion and the underlying mechanisms in this historically underrepresented population remain poorly understood. This study examined the association between job demand and exhaustion, and tested the mediating role of job satisfaction and the moderating role of teachers’ role (i.e., homeroom versus subject) in this association. The two-wave, China Education Panel Survey data from 701 Chinese junior middle school teachers (M = 30.05 years old, SD = 7.86; 78.75% females) were used. Primary hypotheses were tested using structural equation modelling. Results indicated that job load rather than job stress at Wave 1 was positively associated with job exhaustion at Wave 2 indirectly through its negative association with job satisfaction at Wave 2 only among subject teachers; in contrast, for homeroom teachers, job satisfaction at Wave 2 was the only factor that was identified to be negatively associated with job exhaustion at Wave 2. Notably, all significant associations emerged after controlling for a number of covariates, including job exhaustion at Wave 1. Such findings shed initial light on the complexity inherent within the phenomena of middle school teachers’ occupational health in a Chinese cultural context. Reducing teachers’ work load associated with long working hours and promoting teachers’ job satisfaction may be effective ways to relieve and prevent job exhaustion, especially for Chinese subject teachers.

KeywordChinese Job Demand Job Exhaustion Job Satisfaction Middle School Teachers
DOI10.1007/s11218-022-09719-1
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Educational
WOS IDWOS:000833996700001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85140345530
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Affiliation1.Department of Educational Psychology and School Counselling, Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
2.Institute of Early Childhood Education, Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
3.Applied Psychology Program, School of Humanities and Social Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong at Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China
4.Faculty of Education, University of Macau, Taipa, E33 Building, Avenida da Universidade, 999078, Macao
5.Faculty of education, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zang, Ning,Cao, Hongjian,Zhou, Nan,et al. Job load, job stress, and job exhaustion among Chinese junior middle school teachers: Job satisfaction as a mediator and teacher’s role as a moderator[J]. Social Psychology of Education,2022,25(5):1003-1030.
APA Zang, Ning,Cao, Hongjian,Zhou, Nan,Jiang, Lianjiang,&Li, Beilei.(2022).Job load, job stress, and job exhaustion among Chinese junior middle school teachers: Job satisfaction as a mediator and teacher’s role as a moderator.Social Psychology of Education,25(5),1003-1030.
MLA Zang, Ning,et al."Job load, job stress, and job exhaustion among Chinese junior middle school teachers: Job satisfaction as a mediator and teacher’s role as a moderator".Social Psychology of Education 25.5(2022):1003-1030.
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