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Fairness of Classroom Assessment Approach: Perceptions from EFL Students and Teachers
MATTHEW PATRICK WALLACE1; Jupiter Si Weng Ng2
2022-11
Source PublicationEnglish Teaching & Learning
Abstract

This study reports on the fairness perceptions of three approaches to classroom assessment: (1) criterion-referenced assessment (performance is compared against a set of pre-determined criteria), (2) norm-referenced assessment (performance is compared against the performance of others), and (3) individual-referenced assessment (performance is compared with an earlier performance from the student). The literature advocates for the use of criterion-referenced assessment in the classroom because it can best determine how well learners are able to meet intended learning outcomes. Despite this, norm-referenced assessment remains a popular method in many Asian EFL classroom contexts. Beyond these theoretical recommendations and classroom practices, it is unclear how fairly EFL learners and teachers perceive the assessment approaches to be. Understanding this is important because when students view their assessment to be unfair, they tend to display negative behaviors in class. To address this need, survey data was collected from 276 students and 14 teachers from a Chinese-medium instruction secondary school in Macau. The questionnaire elicited fairness perceptions of the three assessment approaches. Performance and scoring scenarios were presented to participants who indicated how fairly each scoring method was using a six-point Likert scale. Results showed that both students and teachers viewed criterion-referenced assessment to be the fairest approach, individual-referenced to be fair, and norm-referenced to be unfair. These results support the use of criterion-referenced and individual-referenced assessment as a classroom-based evaluation method instead of norm-referenced assessment because they are perceived to be fair in the current study.

KeywordAssessment Fairness Assessment Approaches Classroom-based Assessment Efl
DOI10.1007/s42321-022-00127-4
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Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
Affiliation1.University of Macau
2.Pooi To Middle School
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
MATTHEW PATRICK WALLACE,Jupiter Si Weng Ng. Fairness of Classroom Assessment Approach: Perceptions from EFL Students and Teachers[J]. English Teaching & Learning,2022.
APA MATTHEW PATRICK WALLACE,&Jupiter Si Weng Ng.(2022).Fairness of Classroom Assessment Approach: Perceptions from EFL Students and Teachers.English Teaching & Learning.
MLA MATTHEW PATRICK WALLACE,et al."Fairness of Classroom Assessment Approach: Perceptions from EFL Students and Teachers".English Teaching & Learning (2022).
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