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Irreversible Collapse of Poly(vinyl stearate) Monolayers at the Air–Water Interface. Langmuir
Mussone, PG; Ip, AWF; Schroeder, SLM; Murray, BS; Miller, AF
Source PublicationLANGMUIR

The collapse of Langmuir monolayers of poly(vinyl stearate) (PVS) at the air-water interface has been investigated by combined measurements of the surface pressure-area isotherms and Brewster angle microscopy (BAM). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to gain out-of-plane structural information on collapsed films transferred onto a solid substrate by a modified version of the inverse Langmuir-Schaefer deposition method. At high areas per monomer repeat unit, BAM imaging revealed that the films are heterogeneous, with large solidlike domains (25-200 mu m in diameter) coexisting with liquidlike domains. Upon film compression, the domains coalesced to form a homogeneous monolayer before the film collapsed at constant pressure, forming irreversible three-dimensional (3D) structures. BAM images showed that two 3D structures coexisted: buckles of varying width extending across the surface and perpendicular to the direction of the compression and dotted islandlike structures. Upon expansion, the film fractured and both 3D protrusions persisted, explaining the marked hysteresis recorded in the Langmuir isotherms. Experiments with AFM confirmed the 3D nature of both protrusions and revealed that many buckles contain substructures corresponding to narrow buckles whose heights are a multiple of a single bilayer. Additionally, many multilayer islands with diameters spanning from 0.2 mu m to over 3.5 mu m were characterized by varying heights between 2 nm and up to over 50 nm. The key to the formation of the irreversible 3D structures is the presence of large inhomogeneities in the PVS monolayer, and a generalized phenomenological model is proposed to explain the collapse observed.

Indexed BySCIE
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Chemistry, Physical ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000245012900038
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Cited Times [WOS]:11   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Science and Technology
AffiliationUniv Manchester, Mol Mat Ctr, Sch Chem Engn & Analyt Sci, Sackville St, Manchester M60 1QD, Lancs, England.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Mussone, PG,Ip, AWF,Schroeder, SLM,et al. Irreversible Collapse of Poly(vinyl stearate) Monolayers at the Air–Water Interface. Langmuir[J]. LANGMUIR,2007,23(7):3766-3773.
APA Mussone, PG,Ip, AWF,Schroeder, SLM,Murray, BS,&Miller, AF.(2007).Irreversible Collapse of Poly(vinyl stearate) Monolayers at the Air–Water Interface. Langmuir.LANGMUIR,23(7),3766-3773.
MLA Mussone, PG,et al."Irreversible Collapse of Poly(vinyl stearate) Monolayers at the Air–Water Interface. Langmuir".LANGMUIR 23.7(2007):3766-3773.
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