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Functional bacteria and process metabolism of the Denitrifying Sulfur conversion-associated Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (DS-EBPR) system: An investigation by operating the system from deterioration to restoration
Guo,Gang1,2,3; Wu,Di1,2,3; Hao,Tianwei1,2,3; Mackey,Hamish Robert4; Wei,Li1,2,3; Wang,Haiguang1,2,3; Chen,Guanghao1,2,3,5
2016-05-15
Source PublicationWater Research
ISSN0043-1354
Volume95Pages:289-299
Abstract

A sulfur conversion-associated Enhanced Biological Phosphorus (P) Removal (EBPR) system is being developed to cater for the increasing needs to treat saline/brackish wastewater resulting from seawater intrusion into groundwater and sewers and frequent use of sulfate coagulants during drinking water treatment, as well as to meet the demand for eutrophication control in warm climate regions. However, the major functional bacteria and metabolism in this emerging biological nutrient removal system are still poorly understood. This study was thus designed to explore the functional microbes and metabolism in this new EBPR system by manipulating the deterioration, failure and restoration of a lab-scale system. This was achieved by changing the mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentration to monitor and evaluate the relationships among sulfur conversion (including sulfate reduction and sulfate production), P removal, variation in microbial community structures, and stoichiometric parameters. The results show that the stable Denitrifying Sulfur conversion-associated EBPR (DS-EBPR) system was enriched by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfide-oxidizing bacteria (SOB). These bacteria synergistically participated in this new EBPR process, thereby inducing an appropriate level of sulfur conversion crucial for achieving a stable DS-EBPR performance, i.e. maintaining sulfur conversion intensity at 15-40 mg S/L, corresponding to an optimal sludge concentration of 6.5 g/L. This range of sulfur conversion favors microbial community competition and various energy flows from internal polymers (i.e. polysulfide or elemental sulfur (poly-S /S ) and poly-β-hydroxyalkanoates (PHA)) for P removal. If this range was exceeded, the system might deteriorate or even fail due to enrichment of glycogen-accumulating organisms (GAOs). Four methods of restoring the failed system were investigated: increasing the sludge concentration, lowering the salinity or doubling the COD loading, non of which restored SRB and SOB activities for DS-EBPR; only the final novel approach of adding 25 ± 5 mg S/L of external sulfide into the reactor at the beginning of the anoxic phase could efficiently restore the DS-EBPR system from failure. The present study represents a step towards understanding the DS-EBPR metabolism and provides an effective remedial measure for recovering a deteriorating or failed DS-EBPR system.

KeywordEnhanced Biological Phosphorous Removal Microbes And Metabolism Sulfur Conversion System Deterioration And Restoration
DOI10.1016/j.watres.2016.03.013
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEngineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Water Resources
WOS SubjectEngineering, Environmental ; Environmental Sciences ; Water Resources
WOS IDWOS:000375819000028
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Scopus ID2-s2.0-84961247905
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionPersonal research not belonging to the institution
Corresponding AuthorWu,Di; Chen,Guanghao
Affiliation1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringThe Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,Hong Kong,China
2.Water Technology LaboratoryThe Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,Hong Kong,China
3.Hong Kong Branch of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Control and Treatment of Heavy Metal PollutionThe Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,Hong Kong,China
4.College of Science and EngineeringHamad bin Khalifa University,Doha,Qatar
5.Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture,Beijing,China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guo,Gang,Wu,Di,Hao,Tianwei,et al. Functional bacteria and process metabolism of the Denitrifying Sulfur conversion-associated Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (DS-EBPR) system: An investigation by operating the system from deterioration to restoration[J]. Water Research,2016,95:289-299.
APA Guo,Gang,Wu,Di,Hao,Tianwei,Mackey,Hamish Robert,Wei,Li,Wang,Haiguang,&Chen,Guanghao.(2016).Functional bacteria and process metabolism of the Denitrifying Sulfur conversion-associated Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (DS-EBPR) system: An investigation by operating the system from deterioration to restoration.Water Research,95,289-299.
MLA Guo,Gang,et al."Functional bacteria and process metabolism of the Denitrifying Sulfur conversion-associated Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (DS-EBPR) system: An investigation by operating the system from deterioration to restoration".Water Research 95(2016):289-299.
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