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Social dominance orientation and trust propensity in street gangs
Densley,James A.1; Cai,Tianji2; Hilal,Susan1
Source PublicationGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
ABS Journal Level2
ISSN14617188 13684302

The present research demonstrates that social dominance orientation (SDO) and trust propensity provide a valuable theoretical framework and methodological toolkit with which to both assess the concept of “defiant individualism,” Sánchez-Jankowski’s trait theory of gang membership, and understand social-psychological gang processes. The research samples 95 gang members in London, UK, while looking at the effects of age, contact with the gang, and position in the gang on the presence of SDO and trust propensity. Using path analysis, the research demonstrates gang tenure and rank are strong predictors of high SDO and low trust propensity, independent of time spent in the gang, which also significantly predicts high SDO and low trust propensity. High SDO and low trust propensity in gangs are also positively correlated. Gang members, it seems, exhibit a “defiant individualist” social character and both selection and group socialization processes are accountable. Such, in turn, may help explain intergang relations.

KeywordDefiant Individualism Intergroup Aggression Social Dominance Orientation Street Gangs Trust Propensity
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000345223400006
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Cited Times [WOS]:10   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorDensley,James A.
Affiliation1.Metropolitan State University,United States
2.University of Macau,Macao
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Densley,James A.,Cai,Tianji,Hilal,Susan. Social dominance orientation and trust propensity in street gangs[J]. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations,2019,17(6):763-779.
APA Densley,James A.,Cai,Tianji,&Hilal,Susan.(2019).Social dominance orientation and trust propensity in street gangs.Group Processes and Intergroup Relations,17(6),763-779.
MLA Densley,James A.,et al."Social dominance orientation and trust propensity in street gangs".Group Processes and Intergroup Relations 17.6(2019):763-779.
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