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Effect of Working Memory Updating Training on Retrieving Symptoms of Children With Learning Disabilities
Chen,Xiaoying1; Ye,Maolin2; Chang,Lei3; Chen,Weigang1; Zhou,Renlai4
2019-06-19
Source PublicationJournal of Learning Disabilities
ISSN00222194
Volume51Issue:5Pages:507-519
AbstractWorking memory (WM) deficiency is a primary reason for the poor academic performance of children with learning disabilities (LDs). Studies have shown that the WM of typical children could be improved through training, and WM training contributes to improving their fluid intelligence and academic achievement. However, few studies have investigated WM training for children with LDs, and results have been inconsistent. The present study examined the long-term effects of WM updating training and whether it can mitigate LD symptoms. Fifty-four children with LDs were recruited and divided randomly into a training or control group. The training group underwent adaptive running WM training for 20 days. Before and after training, the 2 groups completed a 2-back task, a digit span task (forward and backward), Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices test, and a scholastic attainment test (Chinese and math). The tests were repeated 6 months later. The results showed that, as compared with the controls, the training group exhibited significant improvements in the digit backward span task, 2-back task, and Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices. The math scores of the training group improved significantly by 6 months after the training. The results of this study suggest that WM updating training could mitigate the cognitive deficits of LDs and improve the WM capacity, fluid intelligence, and math scores of children with LDs. Moreover, the training effects could be maintained for at least 6 months.
Keywordfluid intelligence learning disabilities working memory updating training
DOI10.1177/0022219417712015
URLView the original
Language英語English
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorZhou,Renlai
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal University,China
2.Jinan University,Guangzhou,China
3.University of Macau,Taipa,Macao
4.Nanjing University,China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen,Xiaoying,Ye,Maolin,Chang,Lei,et al. Effect of Working Memory Updating Training on Retrieving Symptoms of Children With Learning Disabilities[J]. Journal of Learning Disabilities,2019,51(5):507-519.
APA Chen,Xiaoying,Ye,Maolin,Chang,Lei,Chen,Weigang,&Zhou,Renlai.(2019).Effect of Working Memory Updating Training on Retrieving Symptoms of Children With Learning Disabilities.Journal of Learning Disabilities,51(5),507-519.
MLA Chen,Xiaoying,et al."Effect of Working Memory Updating Training on Retrieving Symptoms of Children With Learning Disabilities".Journal of Learning Disabilities 51.5(2019):507-519.
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