A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task
Duell,Natasha1; Icenogle,Grace1; Silva,Karol1; Chein,Jason1; Steinberg,Laurence2; Banich,Marie T.3; Di Guinta,Laura4; Dodge,Kenneth A.5; Fanti,Kostas A.6; Lansford,Jennifer E.5; Oburu,Paul7; Pastorelli,Concetta4; Skinner,Ann T.5; Sorbring,Emma8; Tapanya,Sombat9; Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria10; Alampay,Liane Peña11; Al-Hassan,Suha M.12,16; Takash,Hanan M.S.12; Bacchini,Dario13; Chang,Lei14; Chaudhary,Nandita15
Source PublicationCognitive Development
AbstractThe authors examined the association between working memory and response inhibition on the Stroop task using a cross-sectional, international sample of 5099 individuals (49.3% male) ages 10–30 (M = 17.04 years; SD = 5.9). Response inhibition was measured using a Stroop task that included “equal” and “unequal” blocks, during which the relative frequency of neutral and incongruent trials was manipulated. Competing stimuli in incongruent trials evinced inhibitory functioning, and having a lower proportion of incongruent trials (as in unequal blocks) placed higher demands on working memory. Results for accuracy indicated that age and working memory were independently associated with response inhibition. Age differences in response inhibition followed a curvilinear trajectory, with performance improving into early adulthood. Response inhibition was greatest among individuals with high working memory. For response time, age uniquely predicted response inhibition in unequal blocks. In equal blocks, age differences in response inhibition varied as a function of working memory, with age differences being least pronounced among individuals with high working memory. The implications of considering the association between response inhibition and working memory in the context of development are discussed.
KeywordDevelopment Response inhibition Stroop Working memory
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorDuell,Natasha
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyTemple University,United States
2.Department of PsychologyTemple University and King Abdulaziz University,United States,Saudi Arabia
3.Department of Psychology & NeuroscienceUniversity of Colorado at Boulder,United States
4.Department of PsychologyUniversità di Roma “La Sapienza”,Italy
5.Center for Child and Family PolicyDuke University,United States
6.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Cyprus,Cyprus
7.Department of Educational PsychologyMaseno University,Kenya
8.Department of PsychologyUniversity West,Sweden
9.Department of PsychiatryChiang Mai University,Thailand
10.Consultorio Psicológico PopularUniversidad de San Buenaventura,Colombia
11.Department of PsychologyAteneo de Manila University,Philippines
12.Queen Rania Faculty for ChildhoodHashemite University,Jordan
13.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Naples “Federico II”,Italy
14.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Macao
15.Department of Human Development and Childhood StudiesLady Irwin CollegeUniversity of Delhi,India
16.Emirates College for Advanced Education,United Arab Emirates
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Duell,Natasha,Icenogle,Grace,Silva,Karol,et al. A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task[J]. Cognitive Development,2019,47:19-31.
APA Duell,Natasha.,Icenogle,Grace.,Silva,Karol.,Chein,Jason.,Steinberg,Laurence.,Banich,Marie T..,Di Guinta,Laura.,Dodge,Kenneth A..,Fanti,Kostas A..,Lansford,Jennifer E..,Oburu,Paul.,Pastorelli,Concetta.,Skinner,Ann T..,Sorbring,Emma.,Tapanya,Sombat.,Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria.,Alampay,Liane Peña.,Al-Hassan,Suha M..,Takash,Hanan M.S..,...&Chaudhary,Nandita.(2019).A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task.Cognitive Development,47,19-31.
MLA Duell,Natasha,et al."A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task".Cognitive Development 47(2019):19-31.
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