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Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World
Duell,Natasha1; Steinberg,Laurence2; Icenogle,Grace1; Chein,Jason1; Chaudhary,Nandita3; Di Giunta,Laura4; Dodge,Kenneth A.5; Fanti,Kostas A.6; Lansford,Jennifer E.5; Oburu,Paul7; Pastorelli,Concetta4; Skinner,Ann T.5; Sorbring,Emma8; Tapanya,Sombat9; Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria10; Alampay,Liane Peña11; Al-Hassan,Suha M.12; Takash,Hanan M.S.13; Bacchini,Dario14; Chang,Lei15
Source PublicationJournal of Youth and Adolescence
ISSN15736601 00472891
AbstractEpidemiological data indicate that risk behaviors are among the leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality worldwide. Consistent with this, laboratory-based studies of age differences in risk behavior allude to a peak in adolescence, suggesting that adolescents demonstrate a heightened propensity, or inherent inclination, to take risks. Unlike epidemiological reports, studies of risk taking propensity have been limited to Western samples, leaving questions about the extent to which heightened risk taking propensity is an inherent or culturally constructed aspect of adolescence. In the present study, age patterns in risk-taking propensity (using two laboratory tasks: the Stoplight and the BART) and real-world risk taking (using self-reports of health and antisocial risk taking) were examined in a sample of 5227 individuals (50.7% female) ages 10–30 (M = 17.05 years, SD = 5.91) from 11 Western and non-Western countries (China, Colombia, Cyprus, India, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the US). Two hypotheses were tested: (1) risk taking follows an inverted-U pattern across age groups, peaking earlier on measures of risk taking propensity than on measures of real-world risk taking, and (2) age patterns in risk taking propensity are more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Overall, risk taking followed the hypothesized inverted-U pattern across age groups, with health risk taking evincing the latest peak. Age patterns in risk taking propensity were more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Results suggest that although the association between age and risk taking is sensitive to measurement and culture, around the world, risk taking is generally highest among late adolescents.
KeywordAdolescents Cross-national Development Risk taking
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Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorDuell,Natasha
Affiliation1.Department of PsychologyTemple University,Philadelphia,United States
2.Department of PsychologyTemple University and King Abdulaziz University,Philadelphia,United States
3.Department of Human Development and Childhood StudiesLady Irwin CollegeUniversity of Delhi,New Delhi,India
4.Department of PsychologyUniversità di Roma “La Sapienza”,Roma,Italy
5.Center for Child and Family PolicyDuke University,Durham,United States
6.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Cyprus,Kallipoleos,Cyprus
7.Department of Educational PsychologyMaseno University,Maseno,Kenya
8.Department of PsychologyUniversity West,Trollhättan,Sweden
9.Department of PsychiatryChiang Mai University,Chiang Mai,Thailand
10.Consultorio Psicológico PopularUniversidad San Buenaventura,Medellín,Colombia
11.Department of PsychologyAteneo de Manila University,Metro Manila,Philippines
12.Hashemite University and Emirates College for Advanced Education,Al Zafranah,United Arab Emirates
13.Queen Rania Faculty for ChildhoodHashemite University,Zarqa,Jordan
14.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”,Caserta,Italy
15.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Macau,Zhuhai Shi,Macao
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Duell,Natasha,Steinberg,Laurence,Icenogle,Grace,et al. Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World[J]. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,2019,47(5):1052-1072.
APA Duell,Natasha,Steinberg,Laurence,Icenogle,Grace,Chein,Jason,Chaudhary,Nandita,Di Giunta,Laura,Dodge,Kenneth A.,Fanti,Kostas A.,Lansford,Jennifer E.,Oburu,Paul,Pastorelli,Concetta,Skinner,Ann T.,Sorbring,Emma,Tapanya,Sombat,Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria,Alampay,Liane Peña,Al-Hassan,Suha M.,Takash,Hanan M.S.,Bacchini,Dario,&Chang,Lei.(2019).Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World.Journal of Youth and Adolescence,47(5),1052-1072.
MLA Duell,Natasha,et al."Age Patterns in Risk Taking Across the World".Journal of Youth and Adolescence 47.5(2019):1052-1072.
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