Affiliated with RCfalse
Hope in Early Adolescence: Measuring Internal and External Locus-of-Hope
Bernardo,Allan B.I.
Source PublicationChild Indicators Research
ISSN18748988 1874897X

Hope is known to be an important predictor of wellbeing, especially in young people. The current study draws from the locus-of-hope model, which proposes internal and external locus-of-hope dimensions. External locus-of-hope refers hopeful thoughts based on conjoint forms of agency that relate to other persons and external forces, which are distinct forms of hopeful thoughts compared to dispositional hope that is typically measured in the research literature. Data were gathered from 825 young adolescents (ages 12–15) from the Philippines who completed the Locus-of-Hope Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated good fit between the four-factor model of locus-of-hope and the data. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis further indicated strong measurement invariance across boys and girls. The young adolescent sample reported higher external-family and external spiritual locus-of-hope thoughts compared to the internal and external-peer locus-of-hope, and girls reported higher hope in the first two dimensions, as well. Internal and external-spiritual locus-of-hope also increased in the later years (14 & 15). The results are discussed in terms of how hopeful thoughts may be shaped by developmental processes that relate to broader culture-specific societal processes and orientations.

KeywordConfirmatory Factor Analysis Early Adolescence Hope Invariance Analysis Locus-of-hope Sex Differences
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaSocial Sciences - Other Topics
WOS SubjectSocial Sciences, Interdisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000358259200012
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:25   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorBernardo,Allan B.I.
AffiliationDepartment of Psychology,University of Macau,,Macau,Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bernardo,Allan B.I.. Hope in Early Adolescence: Measuring Internal and External Locus-of-Hope[J]. Child Indicators Research,2015,8(3):699-715.
APA Bernardo,Allan B.I..(2015).Hope in Early Adolescence: Measuring Internal and External Locus-of-Hope.Child Indicators Research,8(3),699-715.
MLA Bernardo,Allan B.I.."Hope in Early Adolescence: Measuring Internal and External Locus-of-Hope".Child Indicators Research 8.3(2015):699-715.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Bernardo,Allan B.I.]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Bernardo,Allan B.I.]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Bernardo,Allan B.I.]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.