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Environmental Harshness and Unpredictability, Life History, and Social and Academic Behavior of Adolescents in Nine Countries
Chang,Lei1; Lu,Hui Jing2; Lansford,Jennifer E.3; Skinner,Ann T.3; Bornstein,Marc H.4,5; Steinberg,Laurence6,7; Dodge,Kenneth A.3; Chen,Bin Bin8; Tian,Qian8; Bacchini,Dario9; Deater-Deckard,Kirby10; Pastorelli,Concetta11; Alampay,Liane Peña12; Sorbring,Emma13; Al-Hassan,Suha M.14,15; Oburu,Paul16; Malone,Patrick S.3; Di Giunta,Laura17; Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria18; Tapanya,Sombat19
Source PublicationDevelopmental Psychology

Safety is essential for life. To survive, humans and other animals have developed sets of psychological and physiological adaptations known as life history (LH) tradeoff strategies in response to various safety constraints. Evolutionarily selected LH strategies in turn regulate development and behavior to optimize survival under prevailing safety conditions. The present study tested LH hypotheses concerning safety based on a 6-year longitudinal sample of 1,245 adolescents and their parents from 9 countries. The results revealed that, invariant across countries, environmental harshness, and unpredictability (lack of safety) was negatively associated with slow LH behavioral profile, measured 2 years later, and slow LH behavioral profile was negatively and positively associated with externalizing behavior and academic performance, respectively, as measured an additional 2 years later. These results support the evolutionary conception that human development responds to environmental safety cues through LH regulation of social and learning behaviors.

KeywordAcademic Performance Environmental Harshness Externalizing Fast And Slow Life History Strategy Unpredictability
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Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Developmental
WOS IDWOS:000461487500019
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Cited Times [WOS]:42   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorChang,Lei
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology,University of Macau,,Macao
2.Department of Applied Social Sciences,The Hong Kong Polytechnic University,,Hong Kong
3.Center for Child and Family Policy,Duke University,,United States
4.Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience,Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development,,Bethesda,United States
5.Institute for Fiscal Studies,,London,United Kingdom
6.Department of Psychology,Temple University,,United States
7.Department of Psychology,King Abdulaziz University,,Saudi Arabia
8.Department of Psychology,Fudan University,,China
9.Department of Psychology,University of Naples 'Federico II',,Italy
10.Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences,University of Massachusetts,,United States
11.Department of Psychology,Università di Roma 'La Sapienza',,Italy
12.Department of Psychology,Ateneo de Manila University,,Philippines
13.Division of Psychology,Pedagogy and Sociology,University West,,Sweden
14.Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood,Hashemite University,,Jordan
15.Department of Early Childhood and Special Education,Emirates College for Advanced Education,,United Arab Emirates
16.Department of Educational Psychology,Maseno University,,Kenya
17.Faculty of Psychology,Università di Roma 'La Sapienza',,Italy
18.Consultorio Psicológico Popular,Universidad San Buenaventura,,Colombia
19.Department of Psychiatry,Chiang Mai University,,Thailand
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chang,Lei,Lu,Hui Jing,Lansford,Jennifer E.,et al. Environmental Harshness and Unpredictability, Life History, and Social and Academic Behavior of Adolescents in Nine Countries[J]. Developmental Psychology,2019,55(4):890-903.
APA Chang,Lei,Lu,Hui Jing,Lansford,Jennifer E.,Skinner,Ann T.,Bornstein,Marc H.,Steinberg,Laurence,Dodge,Kenneth A.,Chen,Bin Bin,Tian,Qian,Bacchini,Dario,Deater-Deckard,Kirby,Pastorelli,Concetta,Alampay,Liane Peña,Sorbring,Emma,Al-Hassan,Suha M.,Oburu,Paul,Malone,Patrick S.,Di Giunta,Laura,Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria,&Tapanya,Sombat.(2019).Environmental Harshness and Unpredictability, Life History, and Social and Academic Behavior of Adolescents in Nine Countries.Developmental Psychology,55(4),890-903.
MLA Chang,Lei,et al."Environmental Harshness and Unpredictability, Life History, and Social and Academic Behavior of Adolescents in Nine Countries".Developmental Psychology 55.4(2019):890-903.
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