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A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task
Duell,Natasha1; Icenogle,Grace1; Silva,Karol1; Chein,Jason1; Steinberg,Laurence2; Banich,Marie T.3; Di Guinta,Laura4; Dodge,Kenneth A.5; Fanti,Kostas A.6; Lansford,Jennifer E.5; Oburu,Paul7; Pastorelli,Concetta4; Skinner,Ann T.5; Sorbring,Emma8; Tapanya,Sombat9; Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria10; Alampay,Liane Peña11; Al-Hassan,Suha M.12,16; Takash,Hanan M.S.12; Bacchini,Dario13; Chang,Lei14; Chaudhary,Nandita15
Source PublicationCognitive Development

The authors examined the association between working memory and response inhibition on the Stroop task using a cross-sectional, international sample of 5099 individuals (49.3% male) ages 10–30 (M = 17.04 years; SD = 5.9). Response inhibition was measured using a Stroop task that included “equal” and “unequal” blocks, during which the relative frequency of neutral and incongruent trials was manipulated. Competing stimuli in incongruent trials evinced inhibitory functioning, and having a lower proportion of incongruent trials (as in unequal blocks) placed higher demands on working memory. Results for accuracy indicated that age and working memory were independently associated with response inhibition. Age differences in response inhibition followed a curvilinear trajectory, with performance improving into early adulthood. Response inhibition was greatest among individuals with high working memory. For response time, age uniquely predicted response inhibition in unequal blocks. In equal blocks, age differences in response inhibition varied as a function of working memory, with age differences being least pronounced among individuals with high working memory. The implications of considering the association between response inhibition and working memory in the context of development are discussed.

KeywordDevelopment Response Inhibition Stroop Working Memory
URLView the original
WOS IDWOS:000442978400003
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85042715504
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorDuell,Natasha
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology,Temple University,,United States
2.Department of Psychology,Temple University and King Abdulaziz University,,United States,Saudi Arabia
3.Department of Psychology & Neuroscience,University of Colorado at Boulder,,United States
4.Department of Psychology,Università di Roma “La Sapienza”,,Italy
5.Center for Child and Family Policy,Duke University,,United States
6.Department of Psychology,University of Cyprus,,Cyprus
7.Department of Educational Psychology,Maseno University,,Kenya
8.Department of Psychology,University West,,Sweden
9.Department of Psychiatry,Chiang Mai University,,Thailand
10.Consultorio Psicológico Popular,Universidad de San Buenaventura,,Colombia
11.Department of Psychology,Ateneo de Manila University,,Philippines
12.Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood,Hashemite University,,Jordan
13.Department of Psychology,University of Naples “Federico II”,,Italy
14.Department of Psychology,University of Macau,,Macao
15.Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies,Lady Irwin College,University of Delhi,,India
16.Emirates College for Advanced Education,,United Arab Emirates
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GB/T 7714
Duell,Natasha,Icenogle,Grace,Silva,Karol,et al. A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task[J]. Cognitive Development,2018,47:19-31.
APA Duell,Natasha.,Icenogle,Grace.,Silva,Karol.,Chein,Jason.,Steinberg,Laurence.,Banich,Marie T..,Di Guinta,Laura.,Dodge,Kenneth A..,Fanti,Kostas A..,Lansford,Jennifer E..,Oburu,Paul.,Pastorelli,Concetta.,Skinner,Ann T..,Sorbring,Emma.,Tapanya,Sombat.,Uribe Tirado,Liliana Maria.,Alampay,Liane Peña.,Al-Hassan,Suha M..,Takash,Hanan M.S..,...&Chaudhary,Nandita.(2018).A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task.Cognitive Development,47,19-31.
MLA Duell,Natasha,et al."A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task".Cognitive Development 47(2018):19-31.
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