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Psychological risk factors of addiction to social networking sites among Chinese smartphone users
Wu,Anise M.S.1; Cheung,Vivi I.1; Ku,Lisbeth1; Hung,Eva P.W.2
Source PublicationJournal of Behavioral Addictions
ISSN20635303 20625871
AbstractBackground and aims: Smartphones allow users to access social networking sites (SNSs) whenever and wherever they want. Such easy availability and accessibility may increase their vulnerability to addiction. Based on the social cognitive theory (SCT), we examined the impacts of outcome expectancies, self-efficacy, and impulsivity on young Chinese smartphone users' addictive tendencies toward SNSs. Methods: Two hundred seventy-seven Macau young smartphone users (116 males and 161 females; mean age = 26.62) filled out an online Chinese questionnaire concerning their usage of social networking sites via smartphones, addiction tendencies toward SNSs, impulsivity trait, outcome expectancies toward the use, and Internet self-efficacy. Results: The findings revealed that those who spent more time on SNSs also reported higher addictive tendencies. Addictive tendencies were positively correlated with both outcome expectancies and impulsivity, but negatively associated with Internet self-efficacy. These three psychological variables explained 23% of the variance in addictive tendencies. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that, compared to demographics, psychological factors provide a better account for addictive tendencies towards SNSs among Chinese smartphone users in Macau. The three psychological risk factors were low Internet self-efficacy, favorable outcome expectancies, and high impulsivity trait. Educational campaigns with screening procedures for high-risk groups are recommended for effective prevention and treatment.
KeywordAddiction Chinese Impulsivity Smartphone Social cognitive theory Social networking site
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Cited Times [WOS]:163   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology,Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities,University of Macau,,Taipa,Macao
2.Centennial College,,Hong Kong,Hong Kong
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu,Anise M.S.,Cheung,Vivi I.,Ku,Lisbeth,et al. Psychological risk factors of addiction to social networking sites among Chinese smartphone users[J]. Journal of Behavioral Addictions,2013,2(3):160-166.
APA Wu,Anise M.S.,Cheung,Vivi I.,Ku,Lisbeth,&Hung,Eva P.W..(2013).Psychological risk factors of addiction to social networking sites among Chinese smartphone users.Journal of Behavioral Addictions,2(3),160-166.
MLA Wu,Anise M.S.,et al."Psychological risk factors of addiction to social networking sites among Chinese smartphone users".Journal of Behavioral Addictions 2.3(2013):160-166.
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