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Resequencing 545 ginkgo genomes across the world reveals the evolutionary history of the living fossil
Yun-Peng Zhao1; Guangyi Fan2; Ping-Ping Yin1,2; Shuai Sun2; Ning Li2,3,4; Xiaoning Hong2,5; Gang Hu2; He Zhang2; Fu-Min Zhang3,4; Jing-Dan Han3; Ya-Jun Hao1; Qiwu Xu2; Xianwei Yang2; Wenjie Xia2; Wenbin Chen6; Han-Yang Lin1; Rui Zhang2; Jiang Chen2; Xiao-Ming Zheng1; Simon Ming-Yuen Lee7; Joongku Lee8; Koichi Uehara9; Jian Wang6,10; Huanming Yang6,10; Cheng-Xin Fu1; Xin Liu2,11; Xun Xu2,12; Song Ge3,4

As Charles Darwin anticipated, living fossils provide excellent opportunities to study evolutionary questions related to extinction, competition, and adaptation. Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.) is one of the oldest living plants and a fascinating example of how people have saved a species from extinction and assisted its resurgence. By resequencing 545 genomes of ginkgo trees sampled from 51 populations across the world, we identify three refugia in China and detect multiple cycles of population expansion and reduction along with glacial admixture between relict populations in the southwestern and southern refugia. We demonstrate multiple anthropogenic introductions of ginkgo from eastern China into different continents. Further analyses reveal bioclimatic variables that have affected the geographic distribution of ginkgo and the role of natural selection in ginkgo's adaptation and resilience. These investigations provide insights into the evolutionary history of ginkgo trees and valuable genomic resources for further addressing various questions involving living fossil species.

Indexed BySCIE
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000485685900040
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Cited Times [WOS]:38   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorCheng-Xin Fu; Xin Liu; Xun Xu; Song Ge
Affiliation1.Laboratory of Systematic & Evolutionary Botany and Biodiversity, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058 Zhejiang, China
2.BGI-Qingdao, BGI-Shenzhen, Qingdao 266555 Shandong, China
3.State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, ChineseAcademy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
4.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
5.BGI Education Center, University ofChinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518083 Guangdong, China
6.BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518083 Guangdong, China
7.State Key Laboratory ofQuality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China
8.Department of Environment and ForestResources, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
9.College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
10.JamesD. Watson Institute of Genome Sciences, Hangzhou 310058 Zhejiang, China
11.BGI-Fuyang, BGI-Shenzhen, Fuyang 236009 Anhui, China
12.China NationalGeneBank, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518120 Zhejiang, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yun-Peng Zhao,Guangyi Fan,Ping-Ping Yin,et al. Resequencing 545 ginkgo genomes across the world reveals the evolutionary history of the living fossil[J]. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS,2019,10.
APA Yun-Peng Zhao.,Guangyi Fan.,Ping-Ping Yin.,Shuai Sun.,Ning Li.,Xiaoning Hong.,Gang Hu.,He Zhang.,Fu-Min Zhang.,Jing-Dan Han.,Ya-Jun Hao.,Qiwu Xu.,Xianwei Yang.,Wenjie Xia.,Wenbin Chen.,Han-Yang Lin.,Rui Zhang.,Jiang Chen.,Xiao-Ming Zheng.,...&Song Ge.(2019).Resequencing 545 ginkgo genomes across the world reveals the evolutionary history of the living fossil.NATURE COMMUNICATIONS,10.
MLA Yun-Peng Zhao,et al."Resequencing 545 ginkgo genomes across the world reveals the evolutionary history of the living fossil".NATURE COMMUNICATIONS 10(2019).
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