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Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females
Kong,Zhaowei1; Sun,Shengyan2; Shi,Qingde3; Zhang,Haifeng4; Tong,Tomas K.5; Nie,Jinlei3
Source PublicationFrontiers in Physiology

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a short-term ketogenic diet (KD) on body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in overweight/obese Chinese females. Twenty young females [age: 21.0 ± 3.7 years, weight: 65.5 ± 7.7 kg, body mass index (BMI): 24.9 ± 2.7 kg⋅m] consumed 4 weeks of a normal diet (ND) as a baseline and then switched to a low-carbohydrate, high-fat, and adequate protein KD for another 4 weeks. With the same daily caloric intake, the proportions of energy intake derived from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats were changed from 44.0 ± 7.6%, 15.4 ± 3.3%, 39.6 ± 5.8% in ND to 9.2 ± 4.8%, 21.9 ± 3.4%, and 69.0 ± 5.4% in KD. The results showed that, without impairing the CRF level, the 4-week KD intervention significantly reduced body weight (−2.9 kg), BMI (−1.1 kg⋅m), waist circumference (−4.0 cm), hip circumference (−2.5 cm), and body fat percentage (−2.0%). Moreover, fasting leptin level was lowered significantly, and serum levels of inflammatory markers (i.e., TNF-α and MCP-1) were unchanged following KD. These findings suggest that KD can be used as a rapid and effective approach to lose weight and reduce abdominal adiposity in overweight/obese Chinese females without exacerbating their CRF.

KeywordCardiorespiratory Fitness Leptin Low-carbohydrate Subcutaneous Fat Weight Loss
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Indexed BySCIE
WOS Research AreaPhysiology
WOS SubjectPhysiology
WOS IDWOS:000561339400001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85089344979
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Cited Times [WOS]:9   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorSun,Shengyan
Affiliation1.Faculty of Education,University of Macau,Macao
2.Institute of Physical Education,Huzhou University,Huzhou,China
3.School of Health Sciences and Sports,Macao Polytechnic Institute,Macao
4.College of Physical Education,Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang,China
5.Department of Physical Education,Hong Kong Baptist University,Hong Kong
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
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GB/T 7714
Kong,Zhaowei,Sun,Shengyan,Shi,Qingde,et al. Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females[J]. Frontiers in Physiology,2020,11.
APA Kong,Zhaowei,Sun,Shengyan,Shi,Qingde,Zhang,Haifeng,Tong,Tomas K.,&Nie,Jinlei.(2020).Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females.Frontiers in Physiology,11.
MLA Kong,Zhaowei,et al."Short-Term Ketogenic Diet Improves Abdominal Obesity in Overweight/Obese Chinese Young Females".Frontiers in Physiology 11(2020).
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