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Targeting autophagy using saponins as a therapeutic and preventive strategy against human diseases
Han,Bing; He,Chengwei
Source PublicationPharmacological Research

Autophagy is a ubiquitous mechanism for maintaining cellular homeostasis through the degradation of long-lived proteins, insoluble protein aggregates, and superfluous or damaged organelles. Dysfunctional autophagy is observed in a variety of human diseases. With advanced research into the role that autophagy plays in physiological and pathological conditions, targeting autophagy is becoming a novel tactic for disease management. Saponins are naturally occurring glycosides containing triterpenoids or steroidal sapogenins as aglycones, and some saponins are reported to modulate autophagy. Research suggests that saponins may have therapeutic and preventive efficacy against many autophagy-related diseases. Therefore, this review comprehensively summarizes and discusses the reported saponins that exhibit autophagy regulating activities. In addition, the relevant signaling pathways that the mechanisms involved in regulating autophagy and the targeted diseases were also discussed. By regulating autophagy and related pathways, saponins exhibit bioactivities against cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, atherosclerosis and other cardiac diseases, kidney diseases, liver diseases, acute pancreatitis, and osteoporosis. This review provides an overview of the autophagy-regulating activity of saponins, the underlying mechanisms and potential applications for managing various diseases.

KeywordAtherosclerosis Autophagy Cancer Neurodegenerative Diseases Saponins
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
WOS Research AreaPharmacology & Pharmacy
WOS SubjectPharmacology & Pharmacy
WOS IDWOS:000643656100004
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85100412763
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Cited Times [WOS]:7   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Corresponding AuthorHe,Chengwei
AffiliationState Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine,Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences,University of Macau,Taipa,999078,China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Han,Bing,He,Chengwei. Targeting autophagy using saponins as a therapeutic and preventive strategy against human diseases[J]. Pharmacological Research,2021,166.
APA Han,Bing,&He,Chengwei.(2021).Targeting autophagy using saponins as a therapeutic and preventive strategy against human diseases.Pharmacological Research,166.
MLA Han,Bing,et al."Targeting autophagy using saponins as a therapeutic and preventive strategy against human diseases".Pharmacological Research 166(2021).
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