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A review of Penthorum chinense Pursh for hepatoprotection: Traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and clinical trials
Wang, Anqi1; Li, Mingxing2,3; Huang, Huimin2,3; Xiao, Zhangang2,3; Shen, Jing2,3; Zhao, Yueshui2,3; Yin, Jianhua2,3; Kaboli, Parham Jabbarzadeh2,3; Cao, Jiliang1; Cho, Chi Hin2,3; Wang, Yitao4; Li, Jing5; Wu, Xu2,3
2020-04-06
Source PublicationJournal of Ethnopharmacology
ISSN0378-8741
Volume251
Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: In China, Penthorum chinense Pursh (P. chinense) has been used for hundreds of years traditionally for alleviating symptoms by excessive intake of alcohol as well as in the treatment of traumatic injury, edema and liver diseases. Recently, P. chinense and its extract have been developed into tea, drinks or medicines for treatment of liver diseases, including hepatic virus infections, alcoholic liver disease (ALD), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fibrosis. Aim of the study: The main purpose of this review is to provide a critical appraisal of the existing knowledge on the phytochemical data, quality control aspect, pharmacological, as well as toxicological and clinical studies performed on P. chinense, including the identification of scientific gaps. Materials and methods: A detailed literature search was conducted using various online search engines, such as Pubmed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Mendeley, Web of Science as well as China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database. Results: In the pharmacological studies, there clearly are links between local/traditional uses and the biomedical investigations. Most pharmacological studies indicated potential liver protective effects in experimental models of chemicals-induced liver injury, acute and chronic alcoholic liver injury, NAFLD, liver fibrosis and viral infection, potentially through antioxidant effects, balancing key liver enzyme levels, inhibition of hepatic virus DNA replication, inhibition of hepatic stellate cells activation and inflammation either in vitro or in vivo. In some models, the effects of P. chinense is comparable with the one of silymarin. Clinical studies have suggested that P. chinense is safe and effective in treating several liver diseases, although most of them are not double-blinded and placebo-controlled studies. Toxicology studies show that P. chinense has no obvious toxicity or side effects in animals or human. Flavonoids, lignans, coumarins, polyphenols and organic acids have been identified. However, only a few studies have investigated the active compounds (mainly flavonoids and lignans) and molecular mechanisms of P. chinense. Conclusion: P. chinense seems to be safe and shows relevant liver protecting effects. Therefore, it might be a promising candidate for developing as new hepatoprotective agents. However, a lack of understanding of the active compounds and mechanisms of action needs further attention.

KeywordClinical Trial Flavonoid Hepatoprotection Lignan Penthorum Chinense Pursh Polyphenol
DOI10.1016/j.jep.2020.112569
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences ; Integrative & Complementary Medicine ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences ; Chemistry, Medicinal ; Integrative & Complementary Medicine ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy
WOS IDWOS:000515196000005
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85077699181
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Cited Times [WOS]:7   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Corresponding AuthorLi, Jing; Wu, Xu
Affiliation1.PU-UM Innovative Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, Guangdong-Macau Traditional Chinese Medicine Technology Industrial Park Development Co., Ltd, Zhuhai, Hengqin New Area, 519031, China
2.Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China
3.South Sichuan Institute of Translational Medicine, Luzhou, 646000, China
4.State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macao
5.Department of Oncology and Hematology, Hospital (T.C.M) Affiliated to Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Anqi,Li, Mingxing,Huang, Huimin,et al. A review of Penthorum chinense Pursh for hepatoprotection: Traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and clinical trials[J]. Journal of Ethnopharmacology,2020,251.
APA Wang, Anqi,Li, Mingxing,Huang, Huimin,Xiao, Zhangang,Shen, Jing,Zhao, Yueshui,Yin, Jianhua,Kaboli, Parham Jabbarzadeh,Cao, Jiliang,Cho, Chi Hin,Wang, Yitao,Li, Jing,&Wu, Xu.(2020).A review of Penthorum chinense Pursh for hepatoprotection: Traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and clinical trials.Journal of Ethnopharmacology,251.
MLA Wang, Anqi,et al."A review of Penthorum chinense Pursh for hepatoprotection: Traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and clinical trials".Journal of Ethnopharmacology 251(2020).
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