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A 0.2-V Energy-Harvesting BLE Transmitter With a Micropower Manager Achieving 25% System Efficiency at 0-dBm Output and 5.2-nW Sleep Power in 28-nm CMOS
Yang, Shiheng1,2; Yin, Jun1,2; Yi, Haidong1,2; Yu, Wei Han1,2; Mak, Pui In1,2; Martins, Rui P.1,2,3
2019-05
Source PublicationIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
ISSN0018-9200
Volume54Issue:5Pages:1351-1362
Abstract

This paper reports an ultralow-voltage (ULV) energy-harvesting bluetooth low-energy (BLE) transmitter (TX). It features: 1) a fully integrated micropower manager ( μ PM) to customize the internal supply and bias voltages for both active and sleep modes; 2) a gate-to-source-coupling ULV voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) using a high-ratio (5.6:1) stacking transformer to improve the phase noise and output swing; 3) an ULV class-E/F power amplifier (PA) with an inside-transformer LC notch to suppress the HD, and finally 4) an analog type-I phase-locked loop (PLL) with a reduced duty cycle of its master-slave sampling filter (MSSF) to suppress the jitter and reference spur. The TX prototyped in 28-nm CMOS occupies an active area of 0.53 mm and exhibits 25% system efficiency at 0-dBm output at a single 0.2-V supply. Without resorting from any external components, both the output HD-49.6 dBm) and HD-47.4 dBm) comply with the BLE standard. The FSK error is 2.84% and the frequency drift in a 425- μs data packet is <5 kHz under open-loop modulation. The use of negative-voltage power gating suppresses the sleep power of the entire TX to 5.2 nW.

KeywordBluetooth Low Energy (Ble) Cmos Energy Harvesting Master-slave Sampling Filter (Mssf) Micropower Manager (Μpm) Phase-locked Loop (Pll) Power Amplifier (Pa) Power Gating Transmitter (Tx) Ultralow-voltage (Ulv) Voltage-controlled Oscillator (Vco)
DOI10.1109/JSSC.2018.2888874
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEngineering
WOS SubjectEngineering, Electrical & Electronic
WOS IDWOS:000466185400014
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85065086164
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Cited Times [WOS]:28   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Science and Technology
THE STATE KEY LABORATORY OF ANALOG AND MIXED-SIGNAL VLSI (UNIVERSITY OF MACAU)
INSTITUTE OF MICROELECTRONICS
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
Corresponding AuthorMak, Pui In
Affiliation1.State-Key Laboratory of Analog and Mixed-Signal VLSI, University of Macau, 999078, Macao
2.Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Macau, 999078, Macao
3.Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisbon, Lisbon, 1649-004, Portugal
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau;  Faculty of Science and Technology
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau;  Faculty of Science and Technology
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Shiheng,Yin, Jun,Yi, Haidong,et al. A 0.2-V Energy-Harvesting BLE Transmitter With a Micropower Manager Achieving 25% System Efficiency at 0-dBm Output and 5.2-nW Sleep Power in 28-nm CMOS[J]. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits,2019,54(5):1351-1362.
APA Yang, Shiheng,Yin, Jun,Yi, Haidong,Yu, Wei Han,Mak, Pui In,&Martins, Rui P..(2019).A 0.2-V Energy-Harvesting BLE Transmitter With a Micropower Manager Achieving 25% System Efficiency at 0-dBm Output and 5.2-nW Sleep Power in 28-nm CMOS.IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits,54(5),1351-1362.
MLA Yang, Shiheng,et al."A 0.2-V Energy-Harvesting BLE Transmitter With a Micropower Manager Achieving 25% System Efficiency at 0-dBm Output and 5.2-nW Sleep Power in 28-nm CMOS".IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits 54.5(2019):1351-1362.
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