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The relationship between childhood trauma and Internet gaming disorder among college students: A structural equation model
Shi, Lijuan2; Wang, Yuanyuan3,11; Yu, Hui11; Wilson, Amanda11; Cook, Stephanie11; Duan, Zhizhou4; Peng, Ke5,6; Hu, Zhishan7; Ou, Jianjun8; Duan, Suqian9; Yang, Yuan10; Ge, Jiayu2; Wang, Hongyan2; Chen, Li2; Zhao, Kaihong2; Chen, Runsen1,8,12
2020-04-07
Source PublicationJournal of Behavioral Addictions
ISSN2062-5871
Volume9Issue:1Pages:175-180
Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of Internet gaming disorder (IGD) and the associated interaction effects of childhood trauma, depression and anxiety in college students. Methods: Participants were enrolled full-time as freshmen at a University in the Hunan province, China. All participants reported their socio-demographic characteristics and undertook a standardized assessment on childhood trauma, anxiety, depression and IGD. The effect of childhood trauma on university students' internet gaming behaviour mediated by anxiety and depression was analysed using structural equation modelling (SEM) using R 3.6.1. Results: In total, 922 freshmen participated in the study, with an approximately even male-to-female ratio. A mediation model with anxiety and depression as the mediators between childhood trauma and internet gaming behaviour allowing anxiety and depression to be correlated was tested using SEM. The SEM analysis revealed that a standardised total effect of childhood trauma on Internet gaming was 0.18, (Z 5 5.60, 95% CI [0.02, 0.05], P < 0.001), with the direct effects of childhood trauma on Internet gaming being 0.11 (Z 5 3.41, 95% CI [0.01, 0.03], P 5 0.001), and the indirect effects being 0.02 (Z 5 2.32, 95% CI [0.00, 0.01], P 5 0.020) in the pathway of childhood trauma-depression-internet gaming; and 0.05 (Z 5 3.67, 95% CI [0.00, 0.02], P < 0.001) in the pathway of childhood trauma-anxiety-Internet gaming. In addition, the two mediators anxiety and depression were significantly correlated (r 5 0.50, Z 5 13.54, 95% CI [3.50, 5.05], P < 0.001). Conclusions: The study revealed that childhood trauma had a significant impact on adolescents' Internet gaming behaviours among college students. Anxiety and depression both significantly mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and internet gaming and augmented its negative influence. Discussion of the need to understand the subtypes of childhood traumatic experience in relationship to addictive behaviours is included.

KeywordAnxiety Symptoms Childhood Trauma College Students Depressive Symptoms Internet Gaming Disorder
DOI10.1556/2006.2020.00002
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE ; SSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000525747600014
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85084961446
Fulltext Access
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:20   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorChen, Runsen
Affiliation1.National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders, Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, No. 5 Ankang Lane, Dewai Avenue, Xicheng District, 100088, China
2.School of Education, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, Hunan, China
3.National Clincial Research Center for Mental Disorders, Beijing Key Laboratory of MentalDisorders, Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
4.School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
5.George Institute for Global Health, UNSW, Sydney, Australia
6.School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
7.Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Macau, Macao
8.Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Institute, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Chinese National Clinical Research Centre on Mental Disorders, Changsha, Hunan, China
9.Department of Psychiatry, Southern Medical University Nanfang Hospital, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Center for Brian Science and Brain-Inspired Intelligence, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
10.Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
11.Division of Psychology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom
12.Division of Psychology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shi, Lijuan,Wang, Yuanyuan,Yu, Hui,et al. The relationship between childhood trauma and Internet gaming disorder among college students: A structural equation model[J]. Journal of Behavioral Addictions,2020,9(1):175-180.
APA Shi, Lijuan,Wang, Yuanyuan,Yu, Hui,Wilson, Amanda,Cook, Stephanie,Duan, Zhizhou,Peng, Ke,Hu, Zhishan,Ou, Jianjun,Duan, Suqian,Yang, Yuan,Ge, Jiayu,Wang, Hongyan,Chen, Li,Zhao, Kaihong,&Chen, Runsen.(2020).The relationship between childhood trauma and Internet gaming disorder among college students: A structural equation model.Journal of Behavioral Addictions,9(1),175-180.
MLA Shi, Lijuan,et al."The relationship between childhood trauma and Internet gaming disorder among college students: A structural equation model".Journal of Behavioral Addictions 9.1(2020):175-180.
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