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Physical activity and inhibitory control: The mediating role of sleep quality and sleep efficiency
Li,Lin1,2; Yu,Qian3,4; Zhao,Wenrui1,2; Herold,Fabian5,6; Cheval,Boris7,8; Kong,Zhaowei9; Li,Jinming3,4; Mueller,Notger5,6; Kramer,Arthur F.10,11; Cui,Jie1,2; Pan,Huawei1,2; Zhan,Zhuxuan1,2; Hui,Minqiang1,2; Zou,Liye3,4
2021-05-01
Source PublicationBrain Sciences
ISSN2076-3425
Volume11Issue:5
Abstract

Objectives: the current study aimed to investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) level and inhibitory control performance and then to determine whether this association was mediated by multiple sleep parameters (i.e., subjective sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and sleep disturbance). Methods: 180 healthy university students (age: 20.15 ± 1.92 years) from the East China Normal University were recruited for the present study. PA level, sleep parameters, and inhibitory control performance were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale (PSQI), and a Stroop test, respectively. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: A higher level of PA was linked to better cognitive performance. Furthermore, higher subjective sleep quality and sleep efficiency were associated with better inhibitory control performance. The mediation analysis revealed that subjective sleep quality and sleep efficiency mediated the relationship between PA level and inhibitory control performance. Conclusion: our results are in accordance with the literature and buttress the idea that a healthy lifestyle that involves a relatively high level of regular PA and adequate sleep patterns is beneficial for cognition (e.g., inhibitory control performance). Furthermore, our study adds to the literature that sleep quality and sleep efficiency mediates the relationship between PA and inhibitory control performance, expanding our knowledge in the field of exercise cognition.

KeywordInhibitory Performance Mediating Effects Physical Activity Sleep
DOI10.3390/brainsci11050664
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000653644300001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85107313790
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Cited Times [WOS]:3   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorZou,Liye
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory Ministry of Education of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China
2.School of Physical Education and Health, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China
3.Institute of KEEP Collaborative Innovation, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, China
4.Exercise Psychophysiology Laboratory, School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, China
5.Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Leipziger Str. 44, 39120, Germany
6.Research Group Neuroprotection, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Magdeburg, Leipziger Str. 44, 39120, Germany
7.Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, 1205, Switzerland
8.Laboratory for the Study of Emotion Elicitation and Expression (E3Lab), Department of Psychology, FPSE, University of Geneva, Geneva, 1205, Switzerland
9.Faculty of Education, University of Macau, Macao, 999078, China
10.Center for Cognitive and Brain Health, Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, 02115, United States
11.Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, 61801, United States
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li,Lin,Yu,Qian,Zhao,Wenrui,et al. Physical activity and inhibitory control: The mediating role of sleep quality and sleep efficiency[J]. Brain Sciences,2021,11(5).
APA Li,Lin,Yu,Qian,Zhao,Wenrui,Herold,Fabian,Cheval,Boris,Kong,Zhaowei,Li,Jinming,Mueller,Notger,Kramer,Arthur F.,Cui,Jie,Pan,Huawei,Zhan,Zhuxuan,Hui,Minqiang,&Zou,Liye.(2021).Physical activity and inhibitory control: The mediating role of sleep quality and sleep efficiency.Brain Sciences,11(5).
MLA Li,Lin,et al."Physical activity and inhibitory control: The mediating role of sleep quality and sleep efficiency".Brain Sciences 11.5(2021).
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