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Mechanisms of Gegen Qinlian Pill to ameliorate irinotecan-induced diarrhea investigated by the combination of serum pharmacochemistry and network pharmacology
Wu, Yihan1; Cheng, Yanfen1; Yang, Yuhan1,2; Wang, Di1; Yang, Xiaoqin1; Fu, Chaomei1; Zhang, Jinming1; Hu, Yichen3
2021-08-10
Source PublicationJournal of Ethnopharmacology
ISSN0378-8741
Volume276
Abstract

Ethnopharmacological relevance: Traditional Chinese medicine suggests the use of natural extracts and compounds is a promising strategy to prevent irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced gut toxicity and resulting diarrhea. Previous work from our lab indicated the protective effect of Gegen Qinlian decoction; given this, we further speculated that Gegen Qinlian Pill (GQP) would exhibit similar therapeutic effects. The effective material basis as well as potential mechanisms underlying the effect of GQP for the treatment of CPT-11-induced diarrhea have not been fully elucidated. Aim of the study: The application of natural extracts or compounds derived from Chinese medicine is deemed to a promising strategy to prevent irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced gut toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigated the beneficial effects of GQP on CPT-11-induced gut toxicity and further explored its anti-diarrheal mechanism. Methods: First, the beneficial effect of GQP in alleviating diarrhea in mice following CPT-11 administration was investigated. We also obtained the effective ingredients in GQP from murine serum samples using HPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis. Based on these active components, we next established an interaction network linking “compound-target-pathway”. Finally, a predicted mechanism of action was obtained using in vivo GQP validation based on Gene Ontology (GO) functional and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses. Results: A total of 19, GQP-derived chemical compounds were identified in murine serum samples. An interaction network linking “compound-target-pathway” was then established to illuminate the interaction between the components present in serum and their targets that mitigated diarrhea. These results indicated GQP exerted a curative effect on diarrhea and diarrhea-related diseases through different targets, which cumulatively regulated inflammation, oxidative stress, and proliferation processes. Conclusion: Taken together, this study provides a feasible strategy to elucidate the effective constituents in traditional Chinese medicine formulations. More specifically, this work detailed the basic pharmacological effects and underlying mechanism behind GQP's effects in the treatment of CPT-11-induced gut toxicity.

KeywordCpt-11 Diarrhea Gegen Qinlian Pill Gut Toxicity Mechanisms Of Action Network Pharmacology
DOI10.1016/j.jep.2021.114200
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy ; Integrative & Complementary Medicine
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences ; Chemistry, Medicinal ; Integrative & Complementary Medicine ; Pharmacology & Pharmacy
WOS IDWOS:000660251500001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85106503256
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Cited Times [WOS]:2   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Jinming; Hu, Yichen
Affiliation1.School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China
2.State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China
3.School of Medicine, Chengdu University, Chengdu, 610106, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Yihan,Cheng, Yanfen,Yang, Yuhan,et al. Mechanisms of Gegen Qinlian Pill to ameliorate irinotecan-induced diarrhea investigated by the combination of serum pharmacochemistry and network pharmacology[J]. Journal of Ethnopharmacology,2021,276.
APA Wu, Yihan,Cheng, Yanfen,Yang, Yuhan,Wang, Di,Yang, Xiaoqin,Fu, Chaomei,Zhang, Jinming,&Hu, Yichen.(2021).Mechanisms of Gegen Qinlian Pill to ameliorate irinotecan-induced diarrhea investigated by the combination of serum pharmacochemistry and network pharmacology.Journal of Ethnopharmacology,276.
MLA Wu, Yihan,et al."Mechanisms of Gegen Qinlian Pill to ameliorate irinotecan-induced diarrhea investigated by the combination of serum pharmacochemistry and network pharmacology".Journal of Ethnopharmacology 276(2021).
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