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Plant DNA barcoding: From gene to genome
Li, Xiwen1; Yang, Yang1; Henry, Robert J.2; Rossetto, Maurizio3,4; Wang, yitao1; Chen, Shilin5

DNA barcoding is currently a widely used and effective tool that enables rapid and accurate identification of plant species; however, none of the available loci work across all species. Because single-locus DNA barcodes lack adequate variations in closely related taxa, recent barcoding studies have placed high emphasis on the use of whole-chloroplast genome sequences which are now more readily available as a consequence of improving sequencing technologies. While chloroplast genome sequencing can already deliver a reliable barcode for accurate plant identification it is not yet resource-effective and does not yet offer the speed of analysis provided by single-locus barcodes to unspecialized laboratory facilities. Here, we review the development of candidate barcodes and discuss the feasibility of using the chloroplast genome as a super-barcode. We advocate a new approach for DNA barcoding that, for selected groups of taxa, combines the best use of single-locus barcodes and super-barcodes for efficient plant identification. Specific barcodes might enhance our ability to distinguish closely related plants at the species and population levels.

KeywordSingle-locus Barcode Universal Plastid-sequencing Super-barcode Specific Barcode
Indexed BySCIE
WOS Research AreaLife Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
WOS SubjectBiology
WOS IDWOS:000348415500010
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Cited Times [WOS]:398   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionInstitute of Chinese Medical Sciences
Affiliation1.1, Univ Macau, State Key Lab Qual Res Chinese Med, Inst Chinese Med Sci, Macau 999078, Peoples R China
2.2, Univ Queensland, Queensland Alliance Agr & Food Innovat, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia
3.3,Royal Bot Gardens, Natl Herbarium NSW, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
4.4,Domain Trust, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
5.5,Domain Trust, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Xiwen,Yang, Yang,Henry, Robert J.,et al. Plant DNA barcoding: From gene to genome[J]. BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS,2015,90(1):157-166.
APA Li, Xiwen,Yang, Yang,Henry, Robert J.,Rossetto, Maurizio,Wang, yitao,&Chen, Shilin.(2015).Plant DNA barcoding: From gene to genome.BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS,90(1),157-166.
MLA Li, Xiwen,et al."Plant DNA barcoding: From gene to genome".BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS 90.1(2015):157-166.
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