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Numerical Study of the Formation of Shear Bands in Soil under Interface Shearing
Huaxiang Zhu1; Wan-Huan Zhou1,2; Xue-Ying Jing1; Zhen-Yu Yin3
Conference Name1st International Conference on the Material Point Method (MPM)
Source PublicationProcedia Engineering
Conference DateJAN 10-13, 2017
Conference PlaceDelft, NETHERLANDS

When a granular material such as soil interacts with a hard artificial structure, it commonly involves a considerable degree of material heterogeneity. The shear deformation largely localizes into a narrow band: the shear band. The mechanism of the shear band formation at the soil–structural interface is of significant interest to researchers and engineers, for it explains the process of soil failure under interface shearing as well as the physical essence of the soil behaviors associated with such failure – for example, stress peak, stress softening, and dilatancy. In this paper, we employ the discrete element method (DEM) to analyze the formation of the shear band in a series of 2D interface shear tests in which specimens are initialized with different void ratios. During the interface shearing process, we analyze the shear velocity field vx and its gradient field, both of which are extracted on the basis of kinematic quantities given by grains. In the dense specimen, imperfections – indicated by the discontinuities in the field of vx and 

 – are observed appearing in the stress hardening regime. These imperfections progressively accumulate and converge with each other, threatening to form several potential failure bands. This continues until the stress peak, after which a major failure band appears to be dominant over others. The shear band is then shaped, and the stress softening occurs. In the loose specimen subjected to interface shearing, the domain of the strain localization is so unstable and varied that a steady shear band cannot be steadily formed. In both samples, stress variations are shown to be highly dependent on degree of strain localization.

KeywordInterface Shear Fabric Anisotropy Shear Band Formation Strain Localization
URLView the original
Indexed ByCPCI-S
WOS Research AreaEngineering
WOS SubjectEngineering, Multidisciplinary ; Engineering, Geological
WOS IDWOS:000400006000015
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Cited Times [WOS]:6   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeConference paper
Corresponding AuthorWan-Huan Zhou
Affiliation1.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau, China
2.UMacau Research Institute, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China
3.LUNAM University, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, GeM UMR CNRS 6183, Nantes, France
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Science and Technology
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Science and Technology;  University of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huaxiang Zhu,Wan-Huan Zhou,Xue-Ying Jing,et al. Numerical Study of the Formation of Shear Bands in Soil under Interface Shearing[C]:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, SARA BURGERHARTSTRAAT 25, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS,2017:102-109.
APA Huaxiang Zhu,Wan-Huan Zhou,Xue-Ying Jing,&Zhen-Yu Yin.(2017).Numerical Study of the Formation of Shear Bands in Soil under Interface Shearing.Procedia Engineering,175,102-109.
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