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Regulation of RASSF1A in nasopharyngeal cells and its response to UV irradiation
Lee V.H.Y.1; Chow B.K.C.1; Lo K.W.2; Chow L.S.N.2; Man C.1; Tsao S.W.1; Lee L.T.O.1
Source PublicationGene
AbstractRASSF1A, which is frequently found inactivated in human cancers, is revealed as a tumor suppressor gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Using RASSF1A-expressing (NP69 and HK-1) and non-RASSF1A-expressing (C666-1) cell models, the transcriptional regulation of RASSF1A was studied. By deletion analysis of 3.1 kb of 5′ flanking region, the core promoter of RASSF1A was identified in the region between -431 and -1 upstream of the translation start site. Sequence analysis of this core promoter revealed several putative transcription factor binding sties. Using NP69 cells and by block replacement mutagenesis, the presence of three functional GC-boxes were identified, to which by competitive and supershift electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA), the in vitro bindings of Sp1 and Sp3 were suggested. The in vivo functions of Sp-proteins in regulating RASSF1A gene were then investigated by overexpression studies; among the tested Sp-proteins, Sp1 or Sp3, but not Sp4, was able to augment promoter activities. More interestingly, co-expression of Sp1 and Sp3 could synergistically enhance RASSF1A promoter function. UV irradiation induces oxidation stresses and hence is routinely used to investigate expressions of oncogenes and tumor suppressors. In this report, upon UV irradiation, the RASSF1A promoter activity and endogenous transcript levels were found to be reduced. By chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and EMSA, we demonstrated that the binding of Sp1 and Sp3 onto -431 to -202 were significantly reduced after UV irradiation. This UV-mediated effect on RASSF1A promoter, as shown by specific inhibitors that interrupt cellular pathways, is MEK1-, but not JNK-dependent. In summary, our data provided a simple model to explain the potential development of NPC, via silencing of the tumor suppressor RASSF1A by reduced bindings of activators Sp1 and Sp3 onto the GC-boxes in the core promoter of the gene. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordNasopharyngeal carcinoma Promoter Ras-Association Domain Family 1 A (RASSF1A) Sp-proteins
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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Health Sciences
Affiliation1.The University of Hong Kong
2.Prince of Wales Hospital Hong Kong
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lee V.H.Y.,Chow B.K.C.,Lo K.W.,et al. Regulation of RASSF1A in nasopharyngeal cells and its response to UV irradiation[J]. Gene,2009,443(1-2):55-63.
APA Lee V.H.Y.,Chow B.K.C.,Lo K.W.,Chow L.S.N.,Man C.,Tsao S.W.,&Lee L.T.O..(2009).Regulation of RASSF1A in nasopharyngeal cells and its response to UV irradiation.Gene,443(1-2),55-63.
MLA Lee V.H.Y.,et al."Regulation of RASSF1A in nasopharyngeal cells and its response to UV irradiation".Gene 443.1-2(2009):55-63.
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