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Distinct Brain Mechanisms for Conflict Adaptation within and across Conflict Types
Yang, Guochun1,2; Wang, Kai3; Nan, Weizhi4; Li, Qi5; Zheng, Ya6; Wu, Haiyan7; Liu, Xun1,2
2022-02-01
Source PublicationJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
ISSN0898-929X
Volume34Issue:3Pages:445-460
Abstract

Cognitive conflict, like other cognitive processes, shows the characteristic of adaptation, that is, conflict effects are attenuated when immediately following a conflicting event, a phenomenon known as the conflict adaptation effect (CAE). One important aspect of CAE is its sensitivity to the intertrial coherence of conflict type, that is, behavioral CAE occurs only if consecutive trials are of the same conflict type. Although reliably observed behaviorally, the neural mechanisms underlying such a phenomenon remains elusive. With a paradigm combining the classic Simon task and Stroop task, this fMRI study examined neural correlates of conflict adaptation both within and across conflict types. The results revealed that when the conflict type repeated (but not when it alternated), the CAE-like neural activations were observed in dorsal ACC, inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), superior parietal lobe, and so forth (i.e., regions within typical task-positive networks). In contrast, when the conflict type alternated (but not when it repeated), we found CAE-like neural deactivations in the left superior frontal gyri (i.e., a region within the typical task-negative network). Network analyses suggested that the regions of ACC, IFG, superior parietal lobe, and superior frontal gyrus can be clustered into two antagonistic networks, and the ACC–IFG connection was associated with the within-type CAE. This evidence suggests that our adaptation to cognitive conflicts within a conflict type and across different types may rely on these two distinct neural mechanisms.

DOI10.1162/jocn_a_01806
URLView the original
Language英語English
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85124056027
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Cited Times [WOS]:1   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionINSTITUTE OF COLLABORATIVE INNOVATION
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2.Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
4.Department of Psychology and Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China
5.Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, School of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China
6.Department of Psychology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China
7.Centre for Cognitive and Brain Sciences and Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Taipa, Macao
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Guochun,Wang, Kai,Nan, Weizhi,et al. Distinct Brain Mechanisms for Conflict Adaptation within and across Conflict Types[J]. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience,2022,34(3):445-460.
APA Yang, Guochun,Wang, Kai,Nan, Weizhi,Li, Qi,Zheng, Ya,Wu, Haiyan,&Liu, Xun.(2022).Distinct Brain Mechanisms for Conflict Adaptation within and across Conflict Types.Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience,34(3),445-460.
MLA Yang, Guochun,et al."Distinct Brain Mechanisms for Conflict Adaptation within and across Conflict Types".Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 34.3(2022):445-460.
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