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Specialization or diversification: A theoretical analysis for tourist cities
Gu, Xinhua1; Sheng, Li2; Lei, Chun Kwok3
Source PublicationCities
ABS Journal Level2

This paper uses a theoretical approach to investigate the polarization of economic structure in Macao as a reflection of its increased specialization in casino tourism. Las Vegas is used as a benchmark city, with its tourism diversification ending up with less gaming and more non-gaming activity. We show that push factors are crucial for Macao but pull factors are important to Las Vegas due to different market conditions, such as tourism amenities and customer preferences. We also find that it is infeasible and inadvisable for Macao to pursue Vegas-style diversity. Our prediction points to the sustainable polarized growth of casino tourism in Macao. These theoretical results are confirmed in Macao as the construction of new resort properties and the upgrading of current casino assets have accentuated rather than mitigated the structural polarization of its hospitality industry. However, over-tourism along with social costs of casino gambling requires Macao to revise its urban planning substantially to quicken land reclamation, deepen regional cooperation, and strengthen horizontal diversification.

KeywordCasino Tourism Diversification Economic Structure Las Vegas Macao Polarization Pull Factors Push Factors Specialization Urban Planning
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
WOS Research AreaUrban Studies
WOS SubjectUrban Studies
WOS IDWOS:000753649900004
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85120180338
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Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorSheng, Li
Affiliation1.Research Team for Smart Tourism, Asia-Pacific Academy of Economics and Management, University of Macau, Macao
2.Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macao
3.Department of Finance & Business Economics, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau, Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gu, Xinhua,Sheng, Li,Lei, Chun Kwok. Specialization or diversification: A theoretical analysis for tourist cities[J]. Cities,2022,122.
APA Gu, Xinhua,Sheng, Li,&Lei, Chun Kwok.(2022).Specialization or diversification: A theoretical analysis for tourist cities.Cities,122.
MLA Gu, Xinhua,et al."Specialization or diversification: A theoretical analysis for tourist cities".Cities 122(2022).
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