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Naphthalimides induce G2 arrest via the ATM-activated Chk2-executed pathway in HCT116 cells
Zhu, H; Miao, ZH; Huang, M; Feng, JM; Zhang, ZX; Lu, J.; Cai, YJ; Tong, LJ; Xu, YF; Qian, XH; Ding, J
Source PublicationNeoplasia
AbstractNaphthalimides, particularly amonafide and 2-(2-dimethylamino)-6-thia-2-aza-benzo[def]chrysene-1,3-diones (R16), have been identified to possess anticancer activities and to induce G2-M arrest through inhibiting topoisomerase II accompanied by Chk1 degradation. The current study was designed to precisely dissect the signaling pathway(s) responsible for the naphthalimide-induced cell cycle arrest in human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells. Using phosphorylated histone H3 and mitotic protein monoclonal 2 as mitosis markers, we first specified the G2 arrest elicited by the R16 and amonafide. Then, R16 and amonafide were revealed to induce phosphorylation of the DNA damage sensor ataxia telangiectasia–mutated (ATM) responding to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Inhibition of ATM by both the pharmacological inhibitor caffeine and the specific small interference RNA (siRNA) rescued the G2 arrest elicited by R16, indicating its ATM-dependent characteristic. Furthermore, depletion of Chk2, but not Chk1 with their corresponding siRNA, statistically significantly reversed the R16- and amonafide-triggered G2 arrest.Moreover, the naphthalimides phosphorylated Chk2 in an ATM-dependent manner but induced Chk1 degradation. These data indicate that R16 and amonafide preferentially used Chk2 as evidenced by the differential ATM-executed phosphorylation of Chk1 and Chk2. Thus, a clear signaling pathway can be established, in which ATM relays the DNA DSBs signaling triggered by the naphthalimides to the checkpoint kinases, predominantly to Chk2,which finally elicits G2 arrest. The mechanistic elucidation not only favors the development of the naphthalimides as anticancer agents but also provides an alternative strategy of Chk2 inhibition to potentiate the anticancer activities of these agents.
The Source to ArticlePB_Publication
PUB ID33768
Document TypeJournal article
Corresponding AuthorMiao, ZH; Ding, J
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, H,Miao, ZH,Huang, M,et al. Naphthalimides induce G2 arrest via the ATM-activated Chk2-executed pathway in HCT116 cells[J]. Neoplasia,2009:1226-1234.
APA Zhu, H,Miao, ZH,Huang, M,Feng, JM,Zhang, ZX,Lu, J.,Cai, YJ,Tong, LJ,Xu, YF,Qian, XH,&Ding, J.(2009).Naphthalimides induce G2 arrest via the ATM-activated Chk2-executed pathway in HCT116 cells.Neoplasia,1226-1234.
MLA Zhu, H,et al."Naphthalimides induce G2 arrest via the ATM-activated Chk2-executed pathway in HCT116 cells".Neoplasia (2009):1226-1234.
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