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论后物质主义价值指标的跨情境可比性 Cross-Context Comparability of the Measures of Postmaterialism
Alternative TitleCross-Context Comparability of the Measures of Postmaterialism
Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉
Source Publication国外社会科学

后物质主义价值观的操作化,以及常用测量指标是否具备跨国、跨地区可比性,已成为近年来公众意见领域研究的热点问题。本文以全部七次世界价值观调查(1981-2020)为数据源,运用验证性因子分析及多元回归分析,从多个价值维度衡量了后物质主义主要指标的跨情境可比性及其相关变量。分析发现,后物质主义几个常用测量指标并不具备跨时空可比性。指标的跨情境差异,既受到经济发展水平和社会财富分配水平的影响,也存在于不同文化背景之间。上述发现对后物质主义理论的普适性和现存经验研究的方法取向提出了挑战。基于上述发现,笔者主张,后物质主义价值应被视为二战后部分发达国家的特例,其测量方法不宜简单推及其他文化和地区。 Public opinion studies have been paying attention to the operationalization of postmaterialist values and the measurement equivalence across contexts in recent years. The present study analyzes all seven waves of the World Values Survey (1981-2020) data with confirmatory factor analysis and multiple regression to investigate the cross-context comparability of main measurements of postmaterialism. The analysis shows that the commonly used measures of postmaterialism lack cross-context equivalence. The variation is associated with economic development, social inequality and cultural backgrounds. The above findings challenge the universality and generalizability of the postmaterialism theory. The author argues that the value shift towards postmaterialism should be seen as an ad hoc case found only in the post-war advance industrial societies, and the measurements are not generalizable to other cultures and regions.

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Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Social Sciences
Corresponding AuthorTony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉
AffiliationUniversity of Macau
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
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GB/T 7714
Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉. 论后物质主义价值指标的跨情境可比性 Cross-Context Comparability of the Measures of Postmaterialism[J]. 国外社会科学,2022,2022(01):44-55.
APA Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉.(2022).论后物质主义价值指标的跨情境可比性 Cross-Context Comparability of the Measures of Postmaterialism.国外社会科学,2022(01),44-55.
MLA Tony Huiquan Zhang 张汇泉."论后物质主义价值指标的跨情境可比性 Cross-Context Comparability of the Measures of Postmaterialism".国外社会科学 2022.01(2022):44-55.
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