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Life-history calibration of social hierarchies: Childhood adversity predicts leadership preference through relational social investment
Zhu, Nan1; Chen, Bin Bin2; Lu, Hui Jing3; Chang, Lei4
2022-04-01
Source PublicationPersonality and Individual Differences
ABS Journal Level3
ISSN0191-8869
Volume188
Abstract

One approach to understanding leadership styles in human society is through the lens of followers' preferences. From a life history perspective, followers from different backgrounds may develop different psychological traits and social connections that are compatible with the type of future environments that they expect following childhood experiences. This psychosocial life-history profile of the follower, representing different domains of fitness investment, predisposes them to preferences for dominance-style or prestige-style leadership. We tested multiple aspects of followers' life-history profiles as potential mediators between childhood adversity and leadership preferences in hypothetical scenarios in two studies using multisite samples in Mainland China. Study 1 (N = 898) focused on childhood economic conditions, and Study 2 (N = 1233) examined childhood resource insecurity and negative life events as independent indicators of childhood adversity. The results indicated an association between childhood adversity and a preference for dominant (rather than prestigious) leaders that was mediated by indicators of relational social investment but not by indicators of intellectual, long-term reproduction, or generalized social investment. This finding represents a new direction for research into leadership preferences as well as the application of life-history theory to social psychology.

KeywordChildhood Unpredictability Dual Model Of Leadership Early Adversity Leadership Style Life History Calibration Somatic Efforts
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2021.111482
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000740162700001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85121932154
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Cited Times [WOS]:1   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorChang, Lei
Affiliation1.Department of Psychology, Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Macau, Building E21-3063, Macao
2.Department of Psychology, Fudan University, Shanghai, 220 Handan Rd., China
3.Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechinic University, Kowloon, Hung Hom, Hong Kong
4.Department of Psychology, Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Macau, Building E21-3045, Macao
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Corresponding Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Nan,Chen, Bin Bin,Lu, Hui Jing,et al. Life-history calibration of social hierarchies: Childhood adversity predicts leadership preference through relational social investment[J]. Personality and Individual Differences,2022,188.
APA Zhu, Nan,Chen, Bin Bin,Lu, Hui Jing,&Chang, Lei.(2022).Life-history calibration of social hierarchies: Childhood adversity predicts leadership preference through relational social investment.Personality and Individual Differences,188.
MLA Zhu, Nan,et al."Life-history calibration of social hierarchies: Childhood adversity predicts leadership preference through relational social investment".Personality and Individual Differences 188(2022).
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