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Gender congruence and mental health problems among Chinese transgender and gender non-conforming individuals: A process model involving rumination and stigma consciousness
Wu, Qinglu1; Ji, Yuan2; Lin, Xiuyun3; Yang, Hengyu4; Chi, Peilian2
2022-04-01
Source PublicationJournal of Clinical Psychology
ISSN0021-9762
Volume78Issue:4Pages:622-636
Abstract

Objective: The present study examined the roles of gender identity rumination and stigma consciousness in the relationship between gender congruence (comfort with one's gender identity and external appearance) and mental health problems (anxiety and depression). Methods: Three hundred and fourteen Chinese individuals identified as transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) individuals were recruited through the Internet and answered an online questionnaire (M = 24.34 years, standard deviation = 5.80). Results: Gender congruence was associated with anxiety and depression through three indirect pathways: rumination, stigma consciousness, and sequentially through rumination and stigma consciousness. Conclusion: Gender congruence is an intrapersonal resource that reduces mental health problems through its positive impacts on the TGNC identity process. A more consistent feeling of gender, a lower level of rumination, and a reduced level of consciousness about stigma could be potential working points for interventions in the TGNC community to help alleviate their mental health problems.

KeywordChinese TransGender And Gender Non-conforming People Gender Congruence Gender Identity Rumination Mental Health Problems Stigma Consciousness
DOI10.1002/jclp.23248
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical
WOS IDWOS:000696341700001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85114945255
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Cited Times [WOS]:1   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionDEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Corresponding AuthorChi, Peilian
Affiliation1.Institute of Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing Normal University at Zhuhai, Zhuhai, China
2.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macau, Macao
3.Institute of Developmental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
4.Department of Applied Psychology, School of Psychology and Cognitive Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
Corresponding Author AffilicationFaculty of Social Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Qinglu,Ji, Yuan,Lin, Xiuyun,et al. Gender congruence and mental health problems among Chinese transgender and gender non-conforming individuals: A process model involving rumination and stigma consciousness[J]. Journal of Clinical Psychology,2022,78(4):622-636.
APA Wu, Qinglu,Ji, Yuan,Lin, Xiuyun,Yang, Hengyu,&Chi, Peilian.(2022).Gender congruence and mental health problems among Chinese transgender and gender non-conforming individuals: A process model involving rumination and stigma consciousness.Journal of Clinical Psychology,78(4),622-636.
MLA Wu, Qinglu,et al."Gender congruence and mental health problems among Chinese transgender and gender non-conforming individuals: A process model involving rumination and stigma consciousness".Journal of Clinical Psychology 78.4(2022):622-636.
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