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Grit and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Cross-Cultural Meta-Analysis
Lam, Kelly Ka Lai; Zhou, Mingming
Source PublicationJournal of Educational Psychology

This review examined the relations between grit and academic achievement based on a meta-analysis of 137 studies yielding 156 dependent samples (N = 285,331). Using the robust variance estimation, we found that the correlations of overall grit level with academic achievement were generally weak to moderate (weighted r =.19). The correlation of perseverance of effort to achievement (weighted r =.21) was stronger than that of consistency of interest (weighted r =.08). Adopting a cross-cultural perspective in reviewing these findings, we concluded that the associations between overall grit/2 facets and academic achievement did not differ across individualism-collectivism. We also investigated 7 other moderators, including grit measurement, types of achievement measures, publication type, educational levels, research design, study quality, and the female ratio of sampling in the grit-achievement relationship. After controlling for all proposed moderators, no significant moderators were found in the overall grit-achievement link or the consistency of interest-achievement link. There was a significantly stronger association between perseverance of effort and academic achievement in nonstandardized measures thanin standardized measures. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed

KeywordAcademic Achievement Cross-culture Grit Meta-analysis Moderator
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85119280706
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Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
AffiliationFaculty of Education, University of Macau, China
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
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GB/T 7714
Lam, Kelly Ka Lai,Zhou, Mingming. Grit and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Cross-Cultural Meta-Analysis[J]. Journal of Educational Psychology,2022,114:597-621.
APA Lam, Kelly Ka Lai,&Zhou, Mingming.(2022).Grit and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Cross-Cultural Meta-Analysis.Journal of Educational Psychology,114,597-621.
MLA Lam, Kelly Ka Lai,et al."Grit and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Cross-Cultural Meta-Analysis".Journal of Educational Psychology 114(2022):597-621.
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