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Chinese preschool children's physical fitness, motor competence, executive functioning, and receptive language, math, and science performance in Kindergarten
Chou,Yuju1; Hu,Bi Ying2; Winsler, Adam3; Wu,Huiping4; Greenburg, Jordan3; Kong,Zhaowei2
2022-02-03
Source PublicationChildren and Youth Services Review
ISSN0190-7409
Volume136
Abstract

This study aims to examine relations between Chinese preschoolers’ physical well-being (physical fitness and motor skills), executive functioning, and academic skills (receptive language, math, and science skills) at the end of the Kindergarten year, the last year of preschool in the Chinese early childhood education system. A total of 273 children (141 boys and 132 girls) from 30 preschools stratified by urbanicity were examined on physical fitness and motor skills at ages 4 to 5 years, and later on receptive language, math, and science performance one year later before they exited the Kindergarten year. Findings first revealed a direct effect of physical fitness on academic skills at the between-school level. Next the between-school indirect effect of physical fitness on academic skills and the within-school effect of motor skills on academic skills, via executive functions, were found to be significant. Specifically, schools with better physical fitness had higher mean levels of executive function which in turn related to higher mean levels of academic skills (the between variance reduction was 19.3%), and children with better motor skills had greater executive functions and then gained more academic skills within a school (the within variance reduction was 4.1%). This study underscores the importance of physical well-being on children's outcomes at a critical transition point of schooling. Discussion on findings, the implications for practice and policy as well as the limitations of this study were followed.

DOI10.1016/j.childyouth.2022.106397
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaFamily Studies ; Social Work
WOS SubjectFamily Studies ; Social Work
WOS IDWOS:000783948100017
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85123921304
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Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorWu,Huiping
Affiliation1.National Tsing Hua University, China
2.University of Macau, China
3.George Mason University, United States
4.Fujian Normal University, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chou,Yuju,Hu,Bi Ying,Winsler, Adam,et al. Chinese preschool children's physical fitness, motor competence, executive functioning, and receptive language, math, and science performance in Kindergarten[J]. Children and Youth Services Review,2022,136.
APA Chou,Yuju,Hu,Bi Ying,Winsler, Adam,Wu,Huiping,Greenburg, Jordan,&Kong,Zhaowei.(2022).Chinese preschool children's physical fitness, motor competence, executive functioning, and receptive language, math, and science performance in Kindergarten.Children and Youth Services Review,136.
MLA Chou,Yuju,et al."Chinese preschool children's physical fitness, motor competence, executive functioning, and receptive language, math, and science performance in Kindergarten".Children and Youth Services Review 136(2022).
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