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Teaching Chinese characters to students in grades 1 to 3 through emergency remote instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic
Hsiang, Tien Ping1; Graham, Steve2; Wang, Zhisheng1; Wang, Chuang1; Skar, Gustaf B.3
2022-03
Source PublicationReading and Writing
ISSN09224777
Volume35Pages:1975–2014
Abstract

The current study examined how Chinese characters were taught by primary grade teachers in Macao during online instruction resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic (i.e., emergency remote instruction). A random sample of 313 first to third grade teachers in public and private schools were surveyed about their instructional practices. Most teachers surveyed (72%) reported they taught a lesson about Chinese characters once every 3–4 weeks during emergency remote instruction, and 83% and 81% of teachers indicated they assigned homework for writing and reading characters, respectively, at the same rate. On average, they reportedly spent 97 min per week teaching students to write, read, and understand the meaning of new characters, devoting equal time to each of these skills. They also indicated students practiced writing and reading characters in class for 40 min per week. They further noted students were expected to spend 35 min a day practicing writing and reading characters for homework. While teachers reportedly used a variety of instructional practices for teaching characters (M = 30.38), the typical teacher applied less than one-half (N = 64) of practices assessed. Teachers reported use of asynchronous (online learning activities which can be completed at other times) and synchronous (real-time videos and audio/text) teaching methods and perceptions of adequacy of technical support predicted reported teaching practices. The findings from this study raise questions about the teaching of Chinese characters in Macao during emergency remote instruction.

KeywordChinese Characters Handwriting Reading Word Meaning Writing
Subject Area教育学
DOI10.1007/s11145-022-10288-0
URLView the original
Indexed BySSCI
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research ; Psychology
WOS SubjectEducation & Educational Research ; Psychology, Educational
WOS IDWOS:000775739800001
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85127399022
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Cited Times [WOS]:0   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionFaculty of Education
Corresponding AuthorGraham, Steve
Affiliation1.Faculty of Education, University of Macau, Taipa, Macao
2.Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College, Arizona State University, Tempe, United States
3.Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
First Author AffilicationFaculty of Education
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hsiang, Tien Ping,Graham, Steve,Wang, Zhisheng,et al. Teaching Chinese characters to students in grades 1 to 3 through emergency remote instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic[J]. Reading and Writing,2022,35:1975–2014.
APA Hsiang, Tien Ping,Graham, Steve,Wang, Zhisheng,Wang, Chuang,&Skar, Gustaf B..(2022).Teaching Chinese characters to students in grades 1 to 3 through emergency remote instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic.Reading and Writing,35,1975–2014.
MLA Hsiang, Tien Ping,et al."Teaching Chinese characters to students in grades 1 to 3 through emergency remote instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic".Reading and Writing 35(2022):1975–2014.
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