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Distributed Control of Large-scale Inverter Air Conditioners for Providing Operating Reserve Based on Consensus With Nonlinear Protocol
Hong, Jiatu; Hui, Hongxun; Zhang, Hongcai; Dai, Ningyi; Song, Yonghua
2022
Source PublicationIEEE Internet of Things Journal
ISSN2327-4662
Volume9Issue:17Pages:15847-15857
Abstract

Rapidly increasing renewable energies bring more fluctuations to the power system and put forward higher requirement on operating reserve for maintaining the system balance. Traditional generating units are phasing out and may be insufficient to satisfy this reserve requirement in the near future. Therefore, more attentions are paid to demand-side regulation resources. Inverter air conditioners (IACs) account for about 30% of the total power consumption in cities and have huge regulation potential. However, the control of large-scale dispersed IACs is intractable. Most existing studies adopt the centralized control scheme to regulate IACs, while it requires high-cost communication infrastructure and induces privacy concerns. To address this issue, this paper investigates the distributed control scheme of large-scale dispersed IACs for providing operating reserve. Firstly, a normalization approach is proposed to uniformly quantify the regulation capacities of heterogeneous IACs. Then, a distributed consensus algorithm with nonlinear protocol is developed for IACs to achieve the regulation objective under guaranteeing customers’ comfort requirements. Based on the Lyapunov stability theorem, the convergence of the proposed algorithm on large-scale dispersed IACs is proved to be always guaranteed. Finally, numerical studies verify the feasibility and performance of the proposed method, which features better data privacy protection, less communication and computation burden than centralized control methods.

KeywordConsensus Algorithm Decentralized Control Distributed Control Internet Of Things Inverter Air Conditioner Inverters Lyapunov Stability Nonlinear Consensus. Operating Reserve Power Systems Real-time Systems Regulation
DOI10.1109/JIOT.2022.3151817
URLView the original
Indexed BySCIE
Language英語English
WOS Research AreaComputer Science ; Engineering ; Telecommunications
WOS SubjectComputer Science, Information Systems ; Engineering, Electrical & Electronic ; Telecommunications
WOS IDWOS:000846738200036
Scopus ID2-s2.0-85124835494
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Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:4   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionTHE STATE KEY LABORATORY OF INTERNET OF THINGS FOR SMART CITY (UNIVERSITY OF MACAU)
Faculty of Science and Technology
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
AffiliationState Key Laboratory of Internet of Things for Smart City, and the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Macau, Macau 999078, China.
First Author AffilicationUniversity of Macau
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hong, Jiatu,Hui, Hongxun,Zhang, Hongcai,et al. Distributed Control of Large-scale Inverter Air Conditioners for Providing Operating Reserve Based on Consensus With Nonlinear Protocol[J]. IEEE Internet of Things Journal,2022,9(17):15847-15857.
APA Hong, Jiatu,Hui, Hongxun,Zhang, Hongcai,Dai, Ningyi,&Song, Yonghua.(2022).Distributed Control of Large-scale Inverter Air Conditioners for Providing Operating Reserve Based on Consensus With Nonlinear Protocol.IEEE Internet of Things Journal,9(17),15847-15857.
MLA Hong, Jiatu,et al."Distributed Control of Large-scale Inverter Air Conditioners for Providing Operating Reserve Based on Consensus With Nonlinear Protocol".IEEE Internet of Things Journal 9.17(2022):15847-15857.
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