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Altering mucus rheology to "solidify" human mucus at the nanoscale
Lai S.K.1; Wang Y.-Y.2; Cone R.1; Wirtz D.1; Hanes J.1
Source PublicationPLoS ONE
AbstractThe ability of mucus to function as a protective barrier at mucosal surfaces rests on its viscous and elastic properties, which i are not well understood at length scales relevant to pathogens and ultrafine environmental particles. Here we report that fresh, undiluted human cervicovaginal mucus (CVM) transitions from an impermeable elastic barrier to-non-adhesive objects sized 1 μm and larger to a highly permeable viscoelastic liquid to non-adhesive objects smaller than 500 nm in diameter. Addition of a nonionic detergent, present in vaginal gels, lubricants and condoms, caused CVM to behave as an impermeable elastic barrier to 200 and 500 nm particles, suggesting that the dissociation of hydrophobically-bundled mucin fibers created a finer elastic mucin mesh. Surprisingly, the macroscopic viscoelasticity, which is critical to proper mucus function, was unchanged. These findings provide important insight into the nanoscale structural and barrier properties of mucus, and how the penetration of foreign particles across mucus might be inhibited. © 2009 Lai et al.
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Cited Times [WOS]:100   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document TypeJournal article
CollectionUniversity of Macau
Affiliation1.Johns Hopkins University
2.The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lai S.K.,Wang Y.-Y.,Cone R.,et al. Altering mucus rheology to "solidify" human mucus at the nanoscale[J]. PLoS ONE,2009,4(1).
APA Lai S.K.,Wang Y.-Y.,Cone R.,Wirtz D.,&Hanes J..(2009).Altering mucus rheology to "solidify" human mucus at the nanoscale.PLoS ONE,4(1).
MLA Lai S.K.,et al."Altering mucus rheology to "solidify" human mucus at the nanoscale".PLoS ONE 4.1(2009).
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