The imbalance of generation and load caused by the increasing integration of volatile generations poses challenges on frequency regulation. AGC is required to respond to the generation fluctuations without violating operational and security constraints. Explicit model predictive control (EMPC) provides an approach to reaching such requirements, which calculates the control laws of MPC in an explicit form, allowing for offline validation of the controller and enabling fast online computation. However, the partition number of EMPC's piecewise affine control laws grows exponentially with the number of constraints and prediction/control horizons, which hinders its application in large systems. In this paper, we propose an alternative explicit control approach for AGC by approximating the control laws of EMPC using Legendre polynomial series expansions, thus entirely eliminating the partition issue. The Galerkin method is applied to the KKT conditions of EMPC's multiparametric quadratic programming (mp-QP) problem to compute the approximation. Case studies in an illustrative system and IEEE 118-Bus System verify the performance and efficiency of the proposed controller.

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The imbalance of generation and load caused by the increasing integration of volatile generations poses challenges on frequency regulation. AGC is required to respond to the generation fluctuations without violating operational and security constraints. Explicit model predictive control (EMPC) provides an approach to reaching such requirements, which calculates the control laws of MPC in an explicit form, allowing for offline validation of the controller and enabling fast online computation. However, the partition number of EMPC's piecewise affine control laws grows exponentially with the number of constraints and prediction/control horizons, which hinders its application in large systems. In this paper, we propose an alternative explicit control approach for AGC by approximating the control laws of EMPC using Legendre polynomial series expansions, thus entirely eliminating the partition issue. The Galerkin method is applied to the KKT conditions of EMPC's multiparametric quadratic programming (mp-QP) problem to compute the approximation. Case studies in an illustrative system and IEEE 118-Bus System verify the performance and efficiency of the proposed controller.

%8 2019-08-09 %D 2019 %J IEEE Transactions on Power Systems %P 462-473 %V 35 %@ 0885-8950 %U http://repository.um.edu.mo/handle/10692/30215 %W UM